66 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phototaxis: Life in focus

    Carol Dieckmann, Telsa Mittelmeier
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    1. Neuroscience

    Ciliary and rhabdomeric photoreceptor-cell circuits form a spectral depth gauge in marine zooplankton

    Csaba Verasztó et al.
    In a zooplankton larva, ciliary and rhabdomeric photoreceptor cells work antagonistically to form a spectral depth gauge.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    From behavior to circuit modeling of light-seeking navigation in zebrafish larvae

    Sophia Karpenko et al.
    Light-seeking strategies in Zebrafish larvae are dissected using a virtual-reality assay, and these data are used to establish minimal stochastic and neural-circuits models that quantitatively capture this behavior.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cyanobacteria use micro-optics to sense light direction

    Nils Schuergers et al.
    The cells of a cyanobacterium act as spherical micro-lenses, allowing the cell to see a light source and move towards it.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal connectome of a sensory-motor circuit for visual navigation

    Nadine Randel et al.
    Three-dimensional mapping of the neural circuitry that controls movement of a marine worm in response to light provides insights into the evolution of complex visual systems.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Divergent sensory investment mirrors potential speciation via niche partitioning across Drosophila

    Ian W Keesey et al.
    Phototaxis and courtship behavioral preferences reflect strong correlation with differences in olfactory and visual nervous system investment across five monophyletic Drosophila species, and could help explain their speciation events.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Ecology
    Chlamydomonas illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: From molecular manipulation of domesticated Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to survival in nature

    Severin Sasso et al.
    Dubbed the 'green yeast', the model alga C. reinhardtii has profoundly advanced many areas of biology, but much remains to be learnt about its life in the wild.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Membrane voltage dysregulation driven by metabolic dysfunction underlies bactericidal activity of aminoglycosides

    Giancarlo Noe Bruni, Joel M Kralj
    Aminoglycosides are a class of antibiotics that can kill Escherichia coli by building up internal voltage through disrupting the normal consumption of ATP.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interactions between Dpr11 and DIP-γ control selection of amacrine neurons in Drosophila color vision circuits

    Kaushiki P Menon et al.
    The survival of Drosophila amacrine neurons is controlled by neurotrophic signaling mediated by interactions between the cell surface protein DIP-γ and its partner Dpr11, which is expressed on presynaptic photoreceptors.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sleep-promoting effects of threonine link amino acid metabolism in Drosophila neuron to GABAergic control of sleep drive

    Yoonhee Ki, Chunghun Lim
    Threonine promotes sleep via down-regulation of metabotropic GABA transmission in the ellipsoid body R2 neurons that generate homeostatic sleep drive in Drosophila.

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