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    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell-derived cranial and spinal motor neurons reveal proteostatic differences between ALS resistant and sensitive motor neurons

    Disi An et al.
    Stem cell-derived motor neurons with differential ALS vulnerability identified proteasome activity as a possible mechanism that explains their differential sensitivity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Translation attenuation by minocycline enhances longevity and proteostasis in old post-stress-responsive organisms

    Gregory M Solis et al.
    Directly targeting the ribosome to attenuate translation partly mimics the integrated stress response, increasing lifespan and preserving protein folding capacity even in older individuals with dysfunctional stress response signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Repression of ferritin light chain translation by human eIF3

    Mia C Pulos-Holmes et al.
    Human ferritin light chain (FTL) mRNA translation is regulated via its 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) by three mechanisms: RNA folding, iron response protein binding, and eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF3 binding.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The evolutionary history and genomics of European blackcap migration

    Kira Delmore et al.
    Variation in migration can evolve rapidly and traits that comprise this behaviour may be determined by standing variation at a few regulatory regions that are not common across taxonomic groups.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Synthetic and genomic regulatory elements reveal aspects of cis-regulatory grammar in mouse embryonic stem cells

    Dana M King et al.
    The independent effects of transcription factor binding sites are large regardless of sequence context, but the interactions between sites are context dependent.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Many lncRNAs, 5’UTRs, and pseudogenes are translated and some are likely to express functional proteins

    Zhe Ji et al.
    Thousands of "noncoding" RNAs, 5' "untranslated" regions, and pseudogenes in humans are actually translated, and some of these are likely to express functional proteins.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Gene flow mediates the role of sex chromosome meiotic drive during complex speciation

    Colin D Meiklejohn et al.
    Selfish genetic elements may either promote or prevent the evolution of reproductive barriers, depending on the extent of gene flow between species.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A map of human PRDM9 binding provides evidence for novel behaviors of PRDM9 and other zinc-finger proteins in meiosis

    Nicolas Altemose et al.
    In humans, specific sequence features can predict whether meiotic recombination occurs at sites bound by the protein PRDM9, whose DNA-binding zinc-finger domain can unexpectedly bind to gene promoters and to other copies of PRDM9.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Increasing Notch signaling antagonizes PRC2-mediated silencing to promote reprograming of germ cells into neurons

    Stefanie Seelk et al.
    Increased Notch signaling enhances germ cell reprograming in C. elegans by antagonizing PRC2-mediated repression, which results in the activation of UTX-1 and other reprograming-promoting genes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An experimentally validated network of nine haematopoietic transcription factors reveals mechanisms of cell state stability

    Judith Schütte et al.
    A computer model built on insights gained from comprehensive experimental analysis reveals mechanisms of blood stem cell regulation.