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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Repression of ferritin light chain translation by human eIF3

    Mia C Pulos-Holmes et al.
    Human ferritin light chain (FTL) mRNA translation is regulated via its 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) by three mechanisms: RNA folding, iron response protein binding, and eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF3 binding.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Increasing Notch signaling antagonizes PRC2-mediated silencing to promote reprograming of germ cells into neurons

    Stefanie Seelk et al.
    Increased Notch signaling enhances germ cell reprograming in C. elegans by antagonizing PRC2-mediated repression, which results in the activation of UTX-1 and other reprograming-promoting genes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Gene flow mediates the role of sex chromosome meiotic drive during complex speciation

    Colin D Meiklejohn et al.
    Selfish genetic elements may either promote or prevent the evolution of reproductive barriers, depending on the extent of gene flow between species.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide dynamics of Pol II elongation and its interplay with promoter proximal pausing, chromatin, and exons

    Iris Jonkers et al.
    The elongation rate of RNA Polymerase II varies greatly between and along genes, as this enzyme accelerates from stable pausing to rapid elongation within genes, and is influenced by CG-content, exons and chromatin.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    mRNA poly(A)-tail changes specified by deadenylation broadly reshape translation in Drosophila oocytes and early embryos

    Stephen W Eichhorn et al.
    Profiling of mRNA poly(A)-tail lengths and translational efficiencies provides new insights into posttranscriptional gene regulation in early Drosophila development.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An experimentally validated network of nine haematopoietic transcription factors reveals mechanisms of cell state stability

    Judith Schütte et al.
    A computer model built on insights gained from comprehensive experimental analysis reveals mechanisms of blood stem cell regulation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A map of human PRDM9 binding provides evidence for novel behaviors of PRDM9 and other zinc-finger proteins in meiosis

    Nicolas Altemose et al.
    In humans, specific sequence features can predict whether meiotic recombination occurs at sites bound by the protein PRDM9, whose DNA-binding zinc-finger domain can unexpectedly bind to gene promoters and to other copies of PRDM9.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    La-related protein 1 (LARP1) binds the mRNA cap, blocking eIF4F assembly on TOP mRNAs

    Roni M Lahr et al.
    La-related protein 1 specifically and directly binds the 5' cap and first nucleotide of mRNAs encoding ribosomal proteins and translation factors, inhibiting the assembly of translation initiation factors on these messages and therefore their translation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A high-resolution map of transcriptional repression

    Ziwei Liang et al.
    High resolution mapping of transcriptional repression reveals complex and interdependent mechanisms that underpin rapid transitions between transcriptional states.
    1. Cell Biology

    Two subunits of human ORC are dispensable for DNA replication and proliferation

    Etsuko Shibata et al.
    Human cell lines replicate and proliferate without ORC1 or ORC2, two subunits of the replication initiator protein complex ORC, which has till now been considered essential for DNA replication.