174 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Conserved RNA-binding specificity of polycomb repressive complex 2 is achieved by dispersed amino acid patches in EZH2

    Yicheng Long et al.
    Biochemical and mutagenesis analysis reveal the long-anticipated RNA-binding elements of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2), an important chromatin modifier, allowing construction of separation-of-function mutants of PRC2 defective in RNA binding but retaining histone-modifying activity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular architecture of human polycomb repressive complex 2

    Claudio Ciferri et al.
    Electron microscopy has been used to produce the first three-dimensional image of the PRC2 gene-silencing complex.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Conversion of random X-inactivation to imprinted X-inactivation by maternal PRC2

    Clair Harris et al.
    The PRC2 Polycomb complex made in the mouse oocyte prevents transcriptional inactivation of the maternal X-chromosome in the early embryo.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Telomere repeats induce domains of H3K27 methylation in Neurospora

    Kirsty Jamieson et al.
    Vast regions of facultative heterochromatin marked by methylation of lysine 27 on histone H3 depend on their proximity to chromosome ends and can be induced ectopically by insertion of telomere repeats.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Multicellularity: The evolution of gene regulation

    Veronica Hinman, Gregory Cary
    The gene regulation mechanisms necessary for the development of complex multicellular animals have been found in sponges.
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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Science Forum: Considerations when investigating lncRNA function in vivo

    Andrew R Bassett et al.
    We discuss the methods available to understand lncRNA function in vivo, and highlight important considerations that should be taken into account when designing such experiments.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Computational prediction of CTCF/cohesin-based intra-TAD loops that insulate chromatin contacts and gene expression in mouse liver

    Bryan J Matthews, David J Waxman
    Certain types of 3D chromatin loops are easy to predict from existing or easily obtainable 2D information, which benefits gene expression studies in tissues/cells/organisms without extensive pre-existing 3D information.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The fail-safe mechanism of post-transcriptional silencing of unspliced HAC1 mRNA

    Rachael Di Santo et al.
    The unspliced HAC1 mRNA does not give rise to detectable protein in budding yeast, despite its cytoplasmic localization, due to a two-part post-transcriptional silencing mechanism.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Global reorganisation of cis-regulatory units upon lineage commitment of human embryonic stem cells

    Paula Freire-Pritchett et al.
    Promoter interactome maps in human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and ESC-derived early neuroectodermal progenitors link distal enhancers to putative target genes, reveal lineage-specific cis-regulatory architecture and shed light on the logic of gene regulation by multiple enhancers.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    PCGF6-PRC1 suppresses premature differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells by regulating germ cell-related genes

    Mitsuhiro Endoh et al.
    PCGF6 links sequence specific target recognition by the MAX/MGA transcription factor complex to PRC1 (polycomb repressive complex 1) -dependent transcriptional silencing of germ cell-specific genes in mouse pluripotent stem cells.

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