299 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Damage-responsive, maturity-silenced enhancers regulate multiple genes that direct regeneration in Drosophila

    Robin E Harris et al.
    The reduced ability of Drosophila imaginal discs to regenerate as they mature can be explained by the silencing of damage-responsive enhancers that regulate expression of genes required for regeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Plasmodium falciparum translational machinery condones polyadenosine repeats

    Slavica Pavlovic Djuranovic et al.
    Adaptations in protein synthesis and mRNA surveillance machinery enabled the malaria-causing parasite P. falciparum to efficiently and accurately translate long polyA nucleotide runs into long poly-lysine peptides.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Translational control of one-carbon metabolism underpins ribosomal protein phenotypes in cell division and longevity

    Nairita Maitra et al.
    Extensive molecular profiling shows how loss of highly similar, paralogous ribosomal proteins lead to distinct phenotypic outputs, through translational control of specific mRNAs.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Lin28a/let-7 pathway modulates the Hox code via Polycomb regulation during axial patterning in vertebrates

    Tempei Sato et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal that the loss of Lin28a causes axial shortening with mild skeletal transformations via decreased PRC1 at Hox genes, establishing a new pathway in the “Hox code.”.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Bacterial contribution to genesis of the novel germ line determinant oskar

    Leo Blondel et al.
    Evidence suggests that the oskar gene, a critical germ line determinant in insects, was formed by fusion of bacterial and eukaryotic sequences at least 450 million years ago.
    1. Neuroscience

    The switch-like expression of heme-regulated kinase 1 mediates neuronal proteostasis following proteasome inhibition

    Beatriz Alvarez-Castelao et al.
    In neurons, inhibition of the proteasome results in feedback inhibition of protein synthesis, mediated by heme-regulated kinase 1, which is optimized to act as both a sensor and an effector.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Hfq CLASH uncovers sRNA-target interaction networks linked to nutrient availability adaptation

    Ira Alexandra Iosub et al.
    High-throughput RNA-RNA interaction analysis uncovers many novel sRNA-target interactions at various growth stages in Escherichia coli.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Controlling gene activation by enhancers through a drug-inducible topological insulator

    Taro Tsujimura et al.
    A novel synthetic DNA cassette of CTCF-binding sites combined with the drug-controllable induction system of heterochromatin enabled switchable blocking of chromatin conformation and gene-enhancer interaction.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Telomere dysfunction cooperates with epigenetic alterations to impair murine embryonic stem cell fate commitment

    Mélanie Criqui et al.
    Cell lineage tracing and biochemical analysis of cell fate during murine stem cell differentiation demonstrates a specific cooperativity between perturbations in histone methylation and eroded telomeres that destabilize cell differentiation.

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