1,301 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A proline-rich motif on VGLUT1 reduces synaptic vesicle super-pool and spontaneous release frequency

    Xiao Min Zhang et al.
    In mammals, the vesicular glutamate transporter 1 acquired a proline-rich sequence that negatively regulates the spontaneous release of glutamate by reducing the exchange of synaptic vesicles along the axon.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Reduced purine biosynthesis in humans after their divergence from Neandertals

    Vita Stepanova et al.
    Purine biosynthesis is reduced in humans due to a single amino acid substitution in adenylosuccinate lyase that occurred subsequent to the divergence of modern humans from Neandertals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis for catabolism of the abundant metabolite trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline by a microbial glycyl radical enzyme

    Lindsey RF Backman et al.
    The common post-translational modification trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline is reversed by gut microbes with the help of hydroxyproline dehydratase (HypD), an enzyme that performs a radical chemical mechanism.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Dual control of NAD+ synthesis by purine metabolites in yeast

    Benoît Pinson et al.
    Two distinct processes drive coordinated synthesis of purine and pyridine (NAD+) nucleotides in response to AICAR derivatives and ATP.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H3.3K27M mutant proteins reprogram epigenome by sequestering the PRC2 complex to poised enhancers

    Dong Fang et al.
    Redistribution of the PRC2 complex in H3.3K27M mutant cells to poised enhancers contributes to the global reduction of H3K27me3 in cells expressing the mutant proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Prediction and characterization of enzymatic activities guided by sequence similarity and genome neighborhood networks

    Suwen Zhao et al.
    Genome neighborhood networks provide an efficient large-scale approach to mine metabolic pathway context for entire families of proteins and enzymes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Loss of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) impairs sperm function and male reproductive advantage in C. elegans

    Chia-An Yen et al.
    Loss of FAD stemming from cell autonomous defects in mitochondrial proline catabolism impairs sperm quality male reproductive advantage in C. elegans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Convergence of pontine and proprioceptive streams onto multimodal cerebellar granule cells

    Cheng-Chiu Huang et al.
    Individual granule cells within the cerebellum-the region of the brain that coordinates movement and supports the learning of new motor skills-receive both sensory and motor input streams: an arrangement that may help the brain to use feedback to fine-tune movement.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Efficient termination of nuclear lncRNA transcription promotes mitochondrial genome maintenance

    Dorine Jeanne Mariëtte du Mee et al.
    RNA Polymerase II transcriptional termination of a nuclear long non-coding RNA is required to maintain the mitochondrial genome and hence promotes budding yeast growth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brainstem network dynamics underlying the encoding of bladder information

    Anitha Manohar et al.
    Neural and network activity within a pontine-cortical micturition circuit are finely coordinated with urodynamics to assure appropriate voiding behaviors.

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