18 results found
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Codon optimization underpins generalist parasitism in fungi

    Thomas Badet et al.
    Codon optimization through biased synonymous substitutions is a characteristic feature of the genomes of generalist fungal parasites and is associated with the colonization of multiple hosts.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Beyond excitation/inhibition imbalance in multidimensional models of neural circuit changes in brain disorders

    Cian O'Donnell et al.
    Computational modeling and analysis of mouse neural population data finds that the excitation/inhibition imbalance theory of brain disorders is too limited to account for key changes in neural activity statistics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Long-range population dynamics of anatomically defined neocortical networks

    Jerry L Chen et al.
    A new microscopy system allows the activity of interconnected neurons in different brain regions to be measured simultaneously.
    1. Ecology
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Comparative genomics explains the evolutionary success of reef-forming corals

    Debashish Bhattacharya et al.
    The analysis of 20 coral genomic datasets provides unprecedented insights into what makes reef-building corals unique, including the evolution of novel gene families involved in biomineralization, signaling and stress responses that have led to their evolutionary success throughout the Phanerozoic Eon.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Molecular insights into the origin of the Hox-TALE patterning system

    Bruno Hudry et al.
    Interactions between Hox and TALE genes, which generate bilaterally symmetrical body plans, originated in early multicellular animals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Ingression-type cell migration drives vegetal endoderm internalisation in the Xenopus gastrula

    Jason WH Wen, Rudolf Winklbauer
    The cellular behaviours that underlie the internalization of the multilayered endoderm anlage in Xenopus laevis link the ancestral mode of vertebrate gastrulation to common, epithelial-based mechanisms of gastrulation in non-vertebrate animals.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Dynamics of genomic innovation in the unicellular ancestry of animals

    Xavier Grau-Bové et al.
    The foundations of genomic complexity in multicellular animals have deep roots in their unicellular prehistory, both in terms of innovations in gene content, as well as the evolutionary dynamics of genome architecture.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Landscape of histone modifications in a sponge reveals the origin of animal cis-regulatory complexity

    Federico Gaiti et al.
    The complex chromatin-based genomic regulatory system controlling developmental gene expression in complex bilaterians predates the evolution of morphological complexity and may have been a prerequisite for the evolution of the first simple multicellular animals.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Collagen IV and basement membrane at the evolutionary dawn of metazoan tissues

    Aaron L Fidler et al.
    Collagen IV is a primordial extracellular matrix component associated with the transition to animal multicellularity, and enabled the formation and evolution of epithelial tissues.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Conserved functional antagonism of CELF and MBNL proteins controls stem cell-specific alternative splicing in planarians

    Jordi Solana et al.
    A conserved alternative splicing program is specific to planarian stem cells and is controlled by the highly conserved splicing factors CELF and MBNL; therefore, this mode of regulating stem cells is likely ancestral to all animals.

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