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    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: Wikidata as a knowledge graph for the life sciences

    Andra Waagmeester et al.
    Wikidata is continuously-updated resource that could improve the efficiency and accuracy of research in many areas of the life and biomedical sciences.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A protein phosphatase network controls the temporal and spatial dynamics of differentiation commitment in human epidermis

    Ajay Mishra et al.
    A combination of transcriptomics, proteomics and modelling identifies a network of interacting protein phosphatases that act as a biological switch to move cells from the stem cell compartment to the differentiated compartment in cultured human epidermis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Adenosine diphosphate restricts the protein remodeling activity of the Hsp104 chaperone to Hsp70 assisted disaggregation

    Agnieszka Kłosowska et al.
    Hsp70 chaperone provides Hsp104 with high efficiency in disaggregation and specificity towards aggregated substrates at the, otherwise limiting, cellular concentrations of adenine nucleotides.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Dual roles for ATP in the regulation of phase separated protein aggregates in Xenopus oocyte nucleoli

    Michael H Hayes et al.
    The equilibrium between solubility and aggregation of proteins in the nucleus is controlled by co-aggregates like RNA and the action of ATP as both an energy source and a destabilizing chemical agent.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Monitoring site-specific conformational changes in real-time reveals a misfolding mechanism of the prion protein

    Ishita Sengupta, Jayant Udgaonkar
    Multi-site FRET measurements of moPrP oligomerization at low pH indicate that major conformational changes take place as monomers reversibly transform into large oligomers, which subsequently disassemble reversibly into small oligomers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Head-to-tail interactions of the coiled-coil domains regulate ClpB activity and cooperation with Hsp70 in protein disaggregation

    Marta Carroni et al.
    Overcoming image-processing problems in the analysis of the ClpB chaperone provides a new structural model and regulatory mechanism, based on clear density for the coiled-coil domain and supported by various biochemical data.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Leveraging the Mendelian disorders of the epigenetic machinery to systematically map functional epigenetic variation

    Teresa Romeo Luperchio et al.
    Chromatin/transcriptome profiling in multiple mouse models with mutations in epigenetic machinery (EM) reveals shared abnormalities including many IgA-relevant genes, indicating that this kind of joint analysis may elucidate the multigenic nature of EM disorders.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase uses its NAD+ substrate-binding site to chaperone phosphorylated Tau

    Xiaojuan Ma et al.
    Mechanistic insight into the chaperone-like activity of NMNAT to phosphorylated Tau reveals a connection between NAD+metabolism and Tau homeostasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A molecular tweezer antagonizes seminal amyloids and HIV infection

    Edina Lump et al.
    CLR01 is a small molecule that could be an effective topical microbicide to eliminate HIV (and other enveloped viruses), and to antagonize host-encoded amyloid fibrils that promote HIV infection.
  1. Equity, Diversity and Inclusion: Racial inequity in grant funding from the US National Institutes of Health

    Michael A Taffe, Nicholas W Gilpin
    Grant applications submitted to the NIH by African-American/Black PIs are less likely to be funded than applications from white PIs, and the NIH must find a solution that eliminates this racial disparity.