19 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell-type-specific regulation of neuronal intrinsic excitability by macroautophagy

    Ori J Lieberman et al.
    In addition to its classic role in synaptic function and plasticity, macroautophagy regulates neuronal intrinsic excitability via degradation of acetylated Kir2 channels to control neurotransmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stereotyped transcriptomic transformation of somatosensory neurons in response to injury

    Minh Q Nguyen et al.
    Peripheral injury induces a programmed but reversible transformation of gene expression in somatosensory neurons providing a mechanism to regulate sensory input during wound healing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Heparan sulfates are critical regulators of the inhibitory megakaryocyte-platelet receptor G6b-B

    Timo Vögtle et al.
    Heparan sulfates in the vessel wall bind and regulate signaling from the megakaryocyte/platelet-specific inhibitory receptor G6b-B, a critical regulator of platelet homeostasis.
    1. Plant Biology

    Decoys provide a scalable platform for the identification of plant E3 ubiquitin ligases that regulate circadian function

    Ann Feke et al.
    The F-box and U-box E3 ubiquitin ligase decoy library is a powerful tool for the functional characterization of redundant E3 ubiquitin ligases, like MAC3A and MAC3B, novel circadian clock regulators.
    1. Cell Biology

    The unfolded protein response and endoplasmic reticulum protein targeting machineries converge on the stress sensor IRE1

    Diego Acosta-Alvear et al.
    The coordination of protein targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum and the unfolded protein response through the stress sensor IRE1 ensures quality control of the secreted and transmembrane proteomes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Splicing factors Sf3A2 and Prp31 have direct roles in mitotic chromosome segregation

    Claudia Pellacani et al.
    Extensive cytological and biochemical analyses show that the conserved Sf3A2 and Prp31 splicing factors bind microtubules and the Ndc80 complex, playing direct mitotic functions in both Drosophila and human mitosis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Synergistic assembly of human pre-spliceosomes across introns and exons

    Joerg E Braun et al.
    Viewing the dynamic interactions of individual spliceosomal subcomplexes with single pre-messenger RNA molecules reveals how nearby flanking splice sites accelerate pre-spliceosome assembly and the splicing of multi-intron pre-mRNAs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ICE1 promotes the link between splicing and nonsense-mediated mRNA decay

    Thomas D Baird et al.
    A whole-genome siRNA screen identifies ICE1 as a factor required for accurate sensing and quality control of mRNAs containing premature stop codons.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    RNA polymerase II stalling at pre-mRNA splice sites is enforced by ubiquitination of the catalytic subunit

    Laura Milligan et al.
    Ubiquitination close to the active site of RNAPII occurs in response to RNA processing events and is linked to transcriptional pausing, which is released following Bre5-Ubp3 mediated deubiquitination associated with the nascent transcript.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Characterisation of the biflavonoid hinokiflavone as a pre-mRNA splicing modulator that inhibits SENP

    Andrea Pawellek et al.
    Hinokiflavone is identified as a splicing modulator that blocks progression from spliceosome complex A to complex B and inhibits SUMO protease SENP1, causing hyper-SUMOylation affecting 6 U2 snRNP proteins.

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