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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Modeling the metabolic interplay between a parasitic worm and its bacterial endosymbiont allows the identification of novel drug targets

    David M Curran et al.
    A genome scale model of Brugia malayi metabolism illustrates a dynamic reliance on energy production pathways across its life cycle and identifies new drugs with experimentally supported anti-parasitic properties.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct cytoskeletal proteins define zones of enhanced cell wall synthesis in Helicobacter pylori

    Jennifer A Taylor et al.
    The helical bacterium Helicobacter pylori patterns cell wall synthesis using two distinct cytoskeletal proteins, CcmA and MreB, to achieve its characteristic shape.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impaired respiration elicits SrrAB-dependent programmed cell lysis and biofilm formation in Staphylococcus aureus

    Ameya A Mashruwala et al.
    The absence of oxygen prompts Staphylococcus aureus cells to rupture resulting in increased formation of biofilms, which are the etiological agents of recurrent infections.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The human gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs

    Leah Guthrie et al.
    A network of the gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs and supports the generation of mechanistic hypotheses of microbiome metabolic phenotypes that shape human biology.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Live-cell imaging reveals enhancer-dependent Sox2 transcription in the absence of enhancer proximity

    Jeffrey M Alexander et al.
    Sox2 transcription is not correlated with spatial proximity of its essential regulatory enhancer in embryonic stem cells, suggesting gene transcription is not limited to periods of direct enhancer-promoter contact.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Abundant toxin-related genes in the genomes of beneficial symbionts from deep-sea hydrothermal vent mussels

    Lizbeth Sayavedra et al.
    Beneficial symbiotic bacteria encode an exceptional number of toxin-related genes that are all expressed by the symbionts in the host, supporting their key role in host-microbe interactions.
    1. Plant Biology

    The plant pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa triggers a DELLA-dependent seed germination arrest in Arabidopsis

    Hicham Chahtane et al.
    Arabidopsis seed germination can be repressed by a Pseudomonas factor.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Coincidence detection and bi-directional transmembrane signaling control a bacterial second messenger receptor

    Richard B Cooley et al.
    Building on previous work (Chatterjee et al., 2014), the mechanism of coincidence detection in bacterial second messenger signaling across membranes is revealed at a molecular level, providing insight into the regulation of a conserved transmembrane receptor.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic insight into the conserved allosteric regulation of periplasmic proteolysis by the signaling molecule cyclic-di-GMP

    Debashree Chatterjee et al.
    Structure-function analyses reveal the mechanistic underpinnings of inside-out transmembrane signaling that controls periplasmic proteolysis, and thereby biofilm formation, in bacteria and may be relevant in the context of other signaling proteins with similar control elements.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Specificity in glycosylation of multiple flagellins by the modular and cell cycle regulated glycosyltransferase FlmG

    Silvia Ardissone et al.
    Glycosylation of flagellins with pseudaminic acid in the bacterial cytoplasm governed by an unknown type of modular glycosyltransferase harboring an N-terminal substrate binding domain and a C-terminal glycosyltransferase domain.