26 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Drosophila Nanos acts as a molecular clamp that modulates the RNA-binding and repression activities of Pumilio

    Chase A Weidmann et al.
    Crystal structures of Nanos bound to Pumilio and target RNAs demonstrate how Nanos forms a molecular clamp to alter Pumilio RNA regulation and specificity in embryonic development and germline maintenance.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Identification of PNG kinase substrates uncovers interactions with the translational repressor TRAL in the oocyte-to-embryo transition

    Masatoshi Hara et al.
    The threonine kinase controls maternal mRNA translation phosphorylate components of the translational machinery, including translational repressors, which appear to inactivate to promote the oocyte-to-embryo transition.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant-virus Interactions: Caught in a TrAP

    Delfina A Ré, Pablo A Manavella
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    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evidence for suppression of immunity as a driver for genomic introgressions and host range expansion in races of Albugo candida, a generalist parasite

    Mark McMullan et al.
    Hybridization and introgression blur species boundaries and broaden genetic diversity available for adaptation; and widespread introgression underpins the evolution of races of the generalist pathogen Albugo candida that specialise on different host plant species.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Translational control of ERK signaling through miRNA/4EHP-directed silencing

    Seyed Mehdi Jafarnejad et al.
    ERK/MAPK activity is regulated by the cap-binding protein 4EHP, via translational control of the DUSP6 phosphatase.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Folded gastrulation and T48 drive the evolution of coordinated mesoderm internalization in flies

    Silvia Urbansky et al.
    Functional recapitulation of a likely evolutionary gain in gene expression shows that two genes are sufficient to switch mesoderm cell internalization from stochastic cell ingression to coordinated epithelial invagination.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NOVA-dependent regulation of cryptic NMD exons controls synaptic protein levels after seizure

    Taesun Eom et al.
    The HITS-CLIP sequencing method is used to demonstrate that cryptic exons can detect messenger RNA that contains nonsense mutations, and then cause this RNA to decay, which shows that these exons are involved in maintaining the electrical balance of neurons and, possibly, preventing epilepsy.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Serotonin signaling mediates protein valuation and aging

    Jennifer Ro et al.
    Serotonin modulates diet-dependent lifespan in flies.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Plant Biology

    Geminivirus-encoded TrAP suppressor inhibits the histone methyltransferase SUVH4/KYP to counter host defense

    Claudia Castillo-González et al.
    A viral protein hijacks the key effector of transcriptional gene silencing, Su(var)3-9, to evade host plant surveillance.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    RNG105/caprin1, an RNA granule protein for dendritic mRNA localization, is essential for long-term memory formation

    Kei Nakayama et al.
    The formation of long-term memory in mice requires an element of RNA granules that localizes messenger RNAs to dendrites.

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