34 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Developmental Biology

    Drosophila Nanos acts as a molecular clamp that modulates the RNA-binding and repression activities of Pumilio

    Chase A Weidmann et al.
    Crystal structures of Nanos bound to Pumilio and target RNAs demonstrate how Nanos forms a molecular clamp to alter Pumilio RNA regulation and specificity in embryonic development and germline maintenance.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Identification of PNG kinase substrates uncovers interactions with the translational repressor TRAL in the oocyte-to-embryo transition

    Masatoshi Hara et al.
    The threonine kinase controls maternal mRNA translation phosphorylate components of the translational machinery, including translational repressors, which appear to inactivate to promote the oocyte-to-embryo transition.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant-virus Interactions: Caught in a TrAP

    Delfina A Ré, Pablo A Manavella
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    1. Plant Biology

    Antimicrobial peptide expression in a wild tobacco plant reveals the limits of host-microbe-manipulations in the field

    Arne Weinhold et al.
    The attempt to manipulate a microbiome in planta to study the ecological consequences under field conditions leaves plants and their microbes surprisingly unimpressed.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Host autophagy machinery is diverted to the pathogen interface to mediate focal defense responses against the Irish potato famine pathogen

    Yasin F Dagdas et al.
    Defense-related selective autophagy mediated by the antimicrobial autophagy cargo receptor NBR1/Joka2 is diverted to pathogen penetration sites to restrict plant colonization by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Evidence for suppression of immunity as a driver for genomic introgressions and host range expansion in races of Albugo candida, a generalist parasite

    Mark McMullan et al.
    Hybridization and introgression blur species boundaries and broaden genetic diversity available for adaptation; and widespread introgression underpins the evolution of races of the generalist pathogen Albugo candida that specialise on different host plant species.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    New insights into the cellular temporal response to proteostatic stress

    Justin Rendleman et al.
    A time-resolved analysis of protein and RNA concentrations and interactions during proteostasis stress highlights the dominant role of translation regulation and a shift of energy metabolism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Translational control of ERK signaling through miRNA/4EHP-directed silencing

    Seyed Mehdi Jafarnejad et al.
    ERK/MAPK activity is regulated by the cap-binding protein 4EHP, via translational control of the DUSP6 phosphatase.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Folded gastrulation and T48 drive the evolution of coordinated mesoderm internalization in flies

    Silvia Urbansky et al.
    Functional recapitulation of a likely evolutionary gain in gene expression shows that two genes are sufficient to switch mesoderm cell internalization from stochastic cell ingression to coordinated epithelial invagination.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NOVA-dependent regulation of cryptic NMD exons controls synaptic protein levels after seizure

    Taesun Eom et al.
    The HITS-CLIP sequencing method is used to demonstrate that cryptic exons can detect messenger RNA that contains nonsense mutations, and then cause this RNA to decay, which shows that these exons are involved in maintaining the electrical balance of neurons and, possibly, preventing epilepsy.

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