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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    PACT-mediated PKR activation acts as a hyperosmotic stress intensity sensor weakening osmoadaptation and enhancing inflammation

    Kenneth T Farabaugh et al.
    Changes in the interactome of the Rel family of transcription factors control adaptation to the environmental stress of hyperosmolarity and determine cell fate.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Apical PAR complex proteins protect against programmed epithelial assaults to create a continuous and functional intestinal lumen

    Maria Danielle Sallee et al.
    During intestinal development, apical PAR complex proteins keep apical domains and junctions continuous between cells as they divide and elongate, and ultimately build a continuous functional tube.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Inhibition of IRF4 in dendritic cells by PRR-independent and -dependent signals inhibit Th2 and promote Th17 responses

    Jihyung Lee et al.
    Reprogramming of transcription factors by PRR-independent (cAMP) and PRR-dependent (curdlan) signaling induces new dendritic cell subset.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Incomplete inhibition of HIV infection results in more HIV infected lymph node cells by reducing cell death

    Laurelle Jackson et al.
    Under conditions where the force of HIV infection per cell is high, partial attenuation of infection with inhibitors can increase the number of live infected cells and may paradoxically be beneficial for viral spread.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Par protein localization during the early development of Mnemiopsis leidyi suggests different modes of epithelial organization in the metazoa

    Miguel Salinas-Saavedra, Mark Q Martindale
    Even though the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi develops polarized epithelial tissues, polarization is not mediated by the conserved mechanisms polarizing bilaterian and cnidarian epithelial cells.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Spatio-temporal associations between deforestation and malaria incidence in Lao PDR

    Francois Rerolle et al.
    Deforestation near villages is associated with short-term increases but long-term decreases in malaria incidence in Lao PDR, highlighting the influence of forest-going populations on malaria transmission in the region.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global divergence in critical income for adult and childhood survival: analyses of mortality using Michaelis–Menten

    Ryan J Hum et al.
    A mathematical model based on enzyme kinetics shows how the relationships between life expectancy, survival rates for children and adults, and national income change over time.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Plant Biology

    Structural basis of pathogen recognition by an integrated HMA domain in a plant NLR immune receptor

    A Maqbool et al.
    Structure/function studies of a plant pathogen effector in complex with a host disease resistance protein domain reveal the molecular basis for recognition and underpin future engineering of immunity in crops.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Transcriptome maps of general eukaryotic RNA degradation factors

    Salma Sohrabi-Jahromi et al.
    Mapping of 30 general RNA degradation factors onto the yeast transcriptome provides the global distribution of factors for RNA turnover and surveillance in a eukaryotic cell.
    1. Plant Biology

    Multiple pairs of allelic MLA immune receptor-powdery mildew AVRA effectors argue for a direct recognition mechanism

    Isabel ML Saur et al.
    Allelic MLA immune receptors have an exceptional propensity to directly detect sequence-unrelated pathogen effectors and this feature might have facilitated functional diversification of the receptor in the host population.