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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Genetic identification of a common collagen disease in Puerto Ricans via identity-by-descent mapping in a health system

    Gillian Morven Belbin et al.
    A health-system embedding method for genomic discovery and clinical characterization of disease highlights the importance of documenting a wider spectrum of genetic disorders in diverse populations.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Harmful DNA:RNA hybrids are formed in cis and in a Rad51-independent manner

    Juan Lafuente-Barquero et al.
    RNA does not form DNA:RNA hybrids in trans that compromise genome integrity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into the nucleic acid remodeling mechanisms of the yeast THO-Sub2 complex

    Sandra K Schuller et al.
    The THO-Sub2 complex is an asymmetric homodimer that uses the spatial arrangement of two Sub2 helicases to prevent RNA:DNA hybrids.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The homologous recombination machinery modulates the formation of RNA–DNA hybrids and associated chromosome instability

    Lamia Wahba et al.
    When a protein involved in DNA repair malfunctions, it can anneal RNA molecules to DNA molecules, creating hybrids that increase the frequency of mutations in the DNA.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription-coupled genetic instability marks acute lymphoblastic leukemia structural variation hotspots

    Merja Heinäniemi et al.
    Convergent transcription and stalling of transcription are enriched at DNA breakpoints found in acute lymphoblastic leukemia and associate with DNA structures and sequences that mediate genetic instability.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The neuronal calcium sensor Synaptotagmin-1 and SNARE proteins cooperate to dilate fusion pores

    Zhenyong Wu et al.
    During neurotransmitter release, calcium-induced membrane insertion of the C2B domain of Synaptotagmin re-orients the bound SNARE complex which dilates the fusion pore in a mechanical lever action.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    An NKX2-1/ERK/WNT feedback loop modulates gastric identity and response to targeted therapy in lung adenocarcinoma

    Rediet Zewdu et al.
    Genetically engineered murine models reveal novel mechanisms of cell identity regulation in lung cancer and provide insights into the complex interplay between lineage specifiers and oncogenic signaling pathways in this disease.
    1. Cancer Biology

    A feedback loop between the androgen receptor and 6-phosphogluoconate dehydrogenase (6PGD) drives prostate cancer growth

    Joanna L Gillis et al.
    A positive feedback loop between the androgen receptor and a key pentose phosphate pathway enzyme, 6PGD, in prostate cancer promotes tumour cell proliferation, survival and intracellular redox control.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    3′HS1 CTCF binding site in human β-globin locus regulates fetal hemoglobin expression

    Pamela Himadewi et al.
    The 3'HS1 CTCF binding site directly modulates chromosomal loops to regulate γ-globin expression through the accession of the hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin enhancer.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Large domains of heterochromatin direct the formation of short mitotic chromosome loops

    Maximilian H Fitz-James et al.
    Large regions of foreign DNA inserted into mammalian chromosomes assemble into H3K9me3-heterochromatin and result in increased condensin loading with organisation into shorter mitotic chromosome loops than endogenous DNA.