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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Genetic diversity of CHC22 clathrin impacts its function in glucose metabolism

    Matteo Fumagalli et al.
    Natural selection shaped CHC22 clathrin genetic variation in humans with different diets and potentially influenced the human insulin response.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A 3D culture model of innervated human skeletal muscle enables studies of the adult neuromuscular junction

    Mohsen Afshar Bakooshli et al.
    Human skeletal muscle progenitors and motor neurons self-organize in three-dimensional co-culture to form functional neuromuscular junctions that developmentally mature from the embryonic to the adult state.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shank3 modulates sleep and expression of circadian transcription factors

    Ashley M Ingiosi et al.
    Shank3, a high confidence autism gene candidate, may be a key component of the mechanisms underlying sleep problems in autism.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The mlpt/Ubr3/Svb module comprises an ancient developmental switch for embryonic patterning

    Suparna Ray et al.
    mille-pattes micropeptides have conserved function in insect embryonic patterning together with transcription factor Shaven-baby and ubiquitin ligase Ubr3, except in flies wherein restoring broad embryonic Svb expression restores patterning potency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Complementary networks of cortical somatostatin interneurons enforce layer specific control

    Alexander Naka et al.
    Subtypes of dendrite-targeting somatostatin cells segregate into separate networks by specifically connecting with neurons in different layers, forming circuits that could independently control different input pathways to the neocortex.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Synergy and remarkable specificity of antimicrobial peptides in vivo using a systematic knockout approach

    Mark Austin Hanson et al.
    While antimicrobial cocktails are highly effective for defence against pathogenic microbes, the innate immune response may instead employ highly specific peptidic antibiotics to combat certain natural enemies.
    1. Neuroscience

    PARIS, an optogenetic method for functionally mapping gap junctions

    Ling Wu et al.
    As the first fully genetically encoded method, PARIS allows cell-specific, long-term, repeated measurements of gap junctional coupling with high spatiotemporal resolution, facilitating its study in both health and disease.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Gene flow mediates the role of sex chromosome meiotic drive during complex speciation

    Colin D Meiklejohn et al.
    Selfish genetic elements may either promote or prevent the evolution of reproductive barriers, depending on the extent of gene flow between species.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Managing a sustainable deep-sea ‘blue economy’ requires knowledge of what actually lives there

    Adrian G Glover et al.
    High-throughput, integrative taxonomy has a crucial role to play in ensuring that the resources in our oceans are managed and developed in a sustainable manner.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Feedback regulation of cytoneme-mediated transport shapes a tissue-specific FGF morphogen gradient

    Lijuan Du et al.
    FGF morphogen gradient self-generates a recipient tissue-specific contour by feedback-regulating its cytoneme-mediated dispersion.