1,346 results found
  1. July 2013

    Episode 2: July 2013

    In this episode we hear about plants doing maths, the evolution of cancer, why blood vessels don'€™t grow in the retina, the immune system and more.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal activation is associated with longitudinal amyloid accumulation and cognitive decline

    Stephanie L Leal et al.
    Cognitively normal older adults show a positive relationship between neural activity during memory encoding and brain β-amyloid deposition rate over the subsequent 3-4 years, supporting preclinical data that associates neural activity with β-amyloid deposition.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Maintenance of age in human neurons generated by microRNA-based neuronal conversion of fibroblasts

    Christine J Huh et al.
    MicroRNA-based direct conversion of human fibroblasts to neurons is applicable to fibroblasts from donors ranging in age from neonatal to centenarian, allowing the generation of neurons that maintain the age-associated signatures of the starting fibroblasts.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity

    Welkin H Pope et al.
    A continuum of genome relationships is discovered through comparative genomics of 627 sequenced mycobacteriophages isolated and characterized in an integrated research/education initiative.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Regulated aggregative multicellularity in a close unicellular relative of metazoa

    Arnau Sebé-Pedrós et al.
    The transition to the aggregative stage of Capsaspora owczarzaki, a close unicellular relative to Metazoa, is associated with significant upregulation of orthologs of genes that are important for multicellularity in metazoans.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Viral genome structures are optimal for capsid assembly

    Jason D Perlmutter et al.
    Computer simulations reveal that viral nucleic acids have an ideal structure for being packaged into outer protein shells called capsids.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Actin foci facilitate activation of the phospholipase C-γ in primary T lymphocytes via the WASP pathway

    Sudha Kumari et al.
    T cell receptor signaling is regulated by newly polymerized F-actin foci at the immunological synapse.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cis and trans RET signaling control the survival and central projection growth of rapidly adapting mechanoreceptors

    Michael S Fleming et al.
    Cis and trans activation of the receptor tyrosine kinase RET lead to similar biological outcomes in rapidly adapting mechanoreceptors in vivo.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A multicellular way of life for a multipartite virus

    Anne Sicard et al.
    A multipartite virus functionally spreads its distinct genome segments in distinct individual cells of the host plant, and complementation of the viral genes across cells allows a pluricellular infection cycle.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Cortical flow aligns actin filaments to form a furrow

    Anne-Cecile Reymann et al.
    Compressing the actomyosin network by cortical flow causes filaments to align and form a constricting ring.

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