200 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Monocyte-derived transcriptome signature indicates antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis as a potential mechanism of vaccine-induced protection against HIV-1

    Shida Shangguan et al.
    Using single-cell CITE-seq to implicate monocytes as the cellular origin of a protective HIV vaccine gene signature.
    1. Neuroscience

    Profiling sensory neuron microenvironment after peripheral and central axon injury reveals key pathways for neural repair

    Oshri Avraham et al.
    The microenvironment surrounding sensory neurons in dorsal root ganglia responds differently to peripheral and central injuries, revealing that non-neuronal cells can be manipulated to promote axon regeneration after central injury.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Analysis of meiosis in Pristionchus pacificus reveals plasticity in homolog pairing and synapsis in the nematode lineage

    Regina Rillo-Bohn et al.
    Investigation of meiosis in the nematode Pristionchus pacificus has illuminated evolutionary variation in this essential aspect of reproduction and established a new model for future study.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    LIN37-DREAM prevents DNA end resection and homologous recombination at DNA double-strand breaks in quiescent cells

    Bo-Ruei Chen et al.
    The LIN37-DREAM complex has a critical role in regulating DNA double-strand break end processing and suppressing aberrant homology-directed repair in quiescent cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Rad53 checkpoint kinase regulation of DNA replication fork rate via Mrc1 phosphorylation

    Allison W McClure, John FX Diffley
    DNA replication fork rate in budding yeast is regulated in response to DNA damage by phosphorylation of two proteins, Mrc1 and Mcm10, by the Rad53 protein kinase.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    High-resolution, genome-wide mapping of positive supercoiling in chromosomes

    Monica S Guo et al.
    GapR-seq enables the global mapping of positive supercoiling in bacteria and yeast, revealing positive supercoils downstream of highly expressed genes and, in yeast, associated with centromeres, pericentromeres, telomeres, replication origins, and R-loops.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Role of BRCA2 DNA-binding and C-terminal domain in its mobility and conformation in DNA repair

    Maarten W Paul et al.
    Highly conserved C-terminal domains of the tumor suppressor BRCA2 are not essential for accumulation at damaged DNA but affect conformation and cell survival, implying roles beyond delivering strand-exchange protein RAD51.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Non-canonical H3K79me2-dependent pathways promote the survival of MLL-rearranged leukemia

    William F Richter et al.
    FLT3-ITD/STAT5A signaling is more sensitive to Dot1L inhibition than the canonical MLL-fusion activated drivers of leukemogenesis, providing a potential therapeutic avenue for one of the most frequent lesions in leukemia.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A Brownian ratchet model for DNA loop extrusion by the cohesin complex

    Torahiko L Higashi et al.
    A structure-based model of the chromosomal cohesin complex, accompanied by molecular-mechanistic simulations, explains cohesin's key role in topologically entrapping DNA, as well as its ability to alternatively extrude DNA loops.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    E2F/Dp inactivation in fat body cells triggers systemic metabolic changes

    Maria Paula Zappia et al.
    The E2F/Dp transcription factors, which are key cell cycle regulators, can also mediate the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism in larva by controlling both systemic trehalose homeostasis and fat storage.

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