278 results found
  1. January 2015

    Episode 17: January 2015

    In this episode we hear about controlling sperm by optogenetics, hibernation, body clocks, enzyme structure, and a way to overcome stress-induced infertility.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity

    Welkin H Pope et al.
    A continuum of genome relationships is discovered through comparative genomics of 627 sequenced mycobacteriophages isolated and characterized in an integrated research/education initiative.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of outer kinetochore assembly on CENP-T

    Pim J Huis in 't Veld et al.
    The centromeric protein CENP-T assembles the microtubule-binding interface of kinetochores through direct recruitment of two Ndc80 complexes and indirect recruitment of a third one through the Mis12 complex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TORC2-dependent protein kinase Ypk1 phosphorylates ceramide synthase to stimulate synthesis of complex sphingolipids

    Alexander Muir et al.
    TORC2-Ypk1 signaling upregulates flux through the sphingolipid pathway not only by increasing the supply of long-chain base precursors, but also by increasing their use in synthesizing complex sphingolipids.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Effects of water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on telomere length among children in a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh

    Audrie Lin et al.
    In a randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, an intensive, combined water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutrition intervention delivered to compounds of newborn children increased telomere length attrition during their first year of life.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structural basis of host recognition and biofilm formation by Salmonella Saf pili

    Longhui Zeng et al.
    SafDAA-SafDAA structure and functional characterizations reveal a pili-mediated inter-cellular oligomerization mechanism for bacterial aggregation and biofilm formation in Salmonella enterica.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An unfolded protein-induced conformational switch activates mammalian IRE1

    G Elif Karagöz et al.
    ER-stress sensing mechanism of the unfolded protein response sensor/transducer IRE1 is conserved from yeast to mammals, where in mammals, unfolded protein binding to IRE1's ER lumenal domain is coupled to its oligomerization and activation through an allosteric conformational change.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Time-resolved studies define the nature of toxic IAPP intermediates, providing insight for anti-amyloidosis therapeutics

    Andisheh Abedini et al.
    Toxic IAPP intermediates have some molecular features that are similar to, and others that are distinct from, toxic species reported for other amyloidogenic polypeptides.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    ETO family protein Mtgr1 mediates Prdm14 functions in stem cell maintenance and primordial germ cell formation

    Nataliya Nady et al.
    The Mtgr1 protein promotes the maintenance of pluripotency and germ cell formation via its interaction with the stem cell regulator Prdm14.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortico-hippocampal network connections support the multidimensional quality of episodic memory

    Rose A Cooper, Maureen Ritchey
    Enhanced hippocampal-cortical network communication during memory retrieval flexibly tracks the quality and content of memories for complex past events.

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