5,375 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    The majority of transcripts in the squid nervous system are extensively recoded by A-to-I RNA editing

    Shahar Alon et al.
    The first example of an animal where RNA-editing dramatically reshapes the entire proteome demonstrates that editing must be a critical evolutionary and adaptive force.
    1. Neuroscience

    Slo2 potassium channel function depends on RNA editing-regulated expression of a SCYL1 protein

    Long-Gang Niu et al.
    The pseudokinase protein SCYL1 is an evolutionarily conserved enhancer of Slo2 potassium channel activity.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    RNA-programmed genome editing in human cells

    Martin Jinek et al.
    A bacterial protein can be programmed with short RNA molecules to stimulate genome editing at specific sites in human cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The C. elegans neural editome reveals an ADAR target mRNA required for proper chemotaxis

    Sarah N Deffit et al.
    Identification of tissue-specific RNA editing using a robust, publicly-available platform (SAILOR) reveals noncoding A-to-I editing events required for proper gene expression and neurological function, significantly advancing the understanding of how ADARs function in neural cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ribonuclease L mediates the cell-lethal phenotype of double-stranded RNA editing enzyme ADAR1 deficiency in a human cell line

    Yize Li et al.
    Endogenous double-stranded RNA is generated in human cells and leads to RNase L activation and consequent cell death unless neutralized by adenosine deaminase acting on RNA1 (ADAR1).
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A deletion polymorphism in the Caenorhabditis elegans RIG-I homolog disables viral RNA dicing and antiviral immunity

    Alyson Ashe et al.
    Evidence that C. elegans and mammals use homologous versions of the same protein (RIG-1) to activate antiviral defense mechanisms suggests that RIG-1 may have a conserved role in coupling virus recognition to virus destruction.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    CRISPR-Cas12a exploits R-loop asymmetry to form double-strand breaks

    Joshua C Cofsky et al.
    The DNA flanks on either side of an R-loop differ in stability, and CRISPR-Cas12 enzymes form double-strand breaks by targeting the more unstable flank with their single DNase active site.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    A new genus of horse from Pleistocene North America

    Peter D Heintzman et al.
    The extinct stilt-legged equids of North America are not related to Asiatic asses or horses, but instead represent a distinct lineage outside of living equid diversity that became extinct in the terminal Pleistocene.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    High-throughput engineering of a mammalian genome reveals building principles of methylation states at CG rich regions

    Arnaud R Krebs et al.
    Large numbers of DNA sequence variants comprehensively define how transcription factor binding sites and CG density preserve mammalian promoters from repression by DNA methylation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of transcription arrest by coliphage HK022 Nun in an Escherichia coli RNA polymerase elongation complex

    Jin Young Kang et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy structures show how coliphage HK022 Nun blocks Escherichia coli RNA polymerase translocation by mediating multiple interactions between the RNA polymerase and nucleic acids.

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