2,976 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mitochondrial volume fraction and translation duration impact mitochondrial mRNA localization and protein synthesis

    Tatsuhisa Tsuboi et al.
    Mitochondria can tune the protein synthesis of nuclear-encoded proteins through condition-dependent mRNA localization that is regulated by translation elongation and the geometric constraints of the cell.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    FMRP promotes RNA localization to neuronal projections through interactions between its RGG domain and G-quadruplex RNA sequences

    Raeann Goering et al.
    The molecular determinants for neuronal subcellular RNA transport by FMRP are defined, with interactions between RNA G-quadruplexes and the RGG domain of FMRP being of critical importance.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    RNG105/caprin1, an RNA granule protein for dendritic mRNA localization, is essential for long-term memory formation

    Kei Nakayama et al.
    The formation of long-term memory in mice requires an element of RNA granules that localizes messenger RNAs to dendrites.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Free circular introns with an unusual branchpoint in neuronal projections

    Harleen Saini et al.
    A systematic study of RNA localization unexpectedly finds a set of free circular introns with a non-canonical C branchpoint enriched in neuronal projections.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    The eukaryotic bell-shaped temporal rate of DNA replication origin firing emanates from a balance between origin activation and passivation

    Jean-Michel Arbona et al.
    The universal eukaryotic DNA replication kinetics is the consequence of simple physicochemical rules resulting from the localisation of potential replication origins at discrete sites and the diffusion of limiting origin firing factors in the nuclear space.
    1. Cell Biology

    Localised dynactin protects growing microtubules to deliver oskar mRNA to the posterior cortex of the Drosophila oocyte

    Ross Nieuwburg et al.
    Dynactin acts as an anti-catastrophe factor that extends microtubule growth; posteriorly elucidating a new essential step in oskar mRNA localisation and providing a novel mechanism by which motor-dependent transport can amplify the polarity of MT networks.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    bicoid mRNA localises to the Drosophila oocyte anterior by random Dynein-mediated transport and anchoring

    Vítor Trovisco et al.
    The localisation of bicoid mRNA depends on its microtubule-independent anchoring at the oocyte anterior.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    DNA methylation directs genomic localization of Mbd2 and Mbd3 in embryonic stem cells

    Sarah J Hainer et al.
    Two methyl-binding domain proteins have interdependent functions in embryonic stem cells, and this interdependency extends to the DNA methylation/hydroxymethylation machinery.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Live-cell mapping of organelle-associated RNAs via proximity biotinylation combined with protein-RNA crosslinking

    Pornchai Kaewsapsak et al.
    Live-cell nanometer-resolution RNA labeling method enables transcriptome-wide mapping of endogenous RNAs in nuclear, cytosol, ER, and mitochondrial subcompartments.
    1. Cell Biology

    Co-translational protein targeting facilitates centrosomal recruitment of PCNT during centrosome maturation in vertebrates

    Guadalupe Sepulveda et al.
    During centrosome maturation, pericentrin is delivered to the centrosome co-translationally by a microtubule- and dynein-dependent process, as pericentrin mRNA is undergoing active translation near the centrosome.

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