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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuron-wide RNA transport combines with netrin-mediated local translation to spatially regulate the synaptic proteome

    Sangmok Kim, Kelsey C Martin
    The spatial regulation of gene expression within neurons occurs primarily at the level of local translation rather than by stimulus-induced RNA targeting from nucleus to synapse.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Systematic imaging reveals features and changing localization of mRNAs in Drosophila development

    Helena Jambor et al.
    Genome wide analysis reveals that many transcripts are localized in cells of the ovary and that the localization status of mRNAs changes over time and in different cell types.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Mapping translation 'hot-spots' in live cells by tracking single molecules of mRNA and ribosomes

    Zachary B Katz et al.
    A method that involves simultaneous tracking of individual mRNAs and their associated ribosomes can be used to determine when and where individual molecules get translated in living cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single-molecule studies contrast ordered DNA replication with stochastic translesion synthesis

    Gengjing Zhao et al.
    Competing DNA polymerases at the DNA sliding clamp are revealed by single-molecule co-localization studies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of RNA polymerase bound to ribosomal 30S subunit

    Gabriel Demo et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of the 30S*RNAP complex visualize co-localization of the transcription and translation machineries and provide insights into the transcription-translation synchrony, which coordinates gene expression in bacteria.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Matrin 3-dependent neurotoxicity is modified by nucleic acid binding and nucleocytoplasmic localization

    Ahmed M Malik et al.
    The deposition of Matrin 3, a DNA/RNA binding protein implicated in ALS and FTD, results in neurodegeneration dependent upon its localization, self-association, and ability to bind nucleic acids.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    IRAK2 directs stimulus-dependent nuclear export of inflammatory mRNAs

    Hao Zhou et al.
    The stimulation of lipopolysaccharides induced nuclear localization of IRAK2 to facilitate nuclear export of a specific subset of inflammation-related messenger RNAs for translation in murine macrophages.
    1. Cell Biology

    RNA-directed activation of cytoplasmic dynein-1 in reconstituted transport RNPs

    Mark A McClintock et al.
    Reconstitution of dynein-based mRNA transport with purified components reveals a pivotal role of an RNA localisation signal in controlling the assembly and activity of the translocation machinery.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Cortical microtubule nucleation can organise the cytoskeleton of Drosophila oocytes to define the anteroposterior axis

    Philipp Khuc Trong et al.
    A three-dimensional description of the cytoskeletal arrangement, cytoplasmic flows, and cargo transport in stage 9 Drosophila oocytes accurately reproduces mRNA localizations in wild-type and mutant oocytes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The fail-safe mechanism of post-transcriptional silencing of unspliced HAC1 mRNA

    Rachael Di Santo et al.
    The unspliced HAC1 mRNA does not give rise to detectable protein in budding yeast, despite its cytoplasmic localization, due to a two-part post-transcriptional silencing mechanism.