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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Establishment of regions of genomic activity during the Drosophila maternal to zygotic transition

    Xiao-Yong Li et al.
    Drosophila melanogaster embryos undergo a dramatic genomic transformation in the hour preceding gastrulation, as thousands of promoters and regulatory regions become biochemically distinct before they become active.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Long non-coding RNA produced by RNA polymerase V determines boundaries of heterochromatin

    Gudrun Böhmdorfer et al.
    Genome-wide identification of long non-coding RNAs produced by RNA Polymerase V identifies their role in heterochromatin maintenance on the boundaries of repressed regions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Direct screening for chromatin status on DNA barcodes in yeast delineates the regulome of H3K79 methylation by Dot1

    Hanneke Vlaming et al.
    The interrogation of histone modifications on DNA barcodes enables efficient and direct screening for epigenetic regulators in thousands of mutants in parallel.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The histone modification reader ZCWPW1 links histone methylation to PRDM9-induced double-strand break repair

    Tao Huang et al.
    ZCWPW1 is a histone modification reader that localizes to DMC1-labelled double-strand break hotspots in a largely PRDM9-dependent manner, where it facilitates completion of synapsis by mediating DSB repair process.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Histone gene replacement reveals a post-transcriptional role for H3K36 in maintaining metazoan transcriptome fidelity

    Michael P Meers et al.
    Post-translational modification of histone H3K36 is not required to suppress cryptic transcription initiation or to include alternative exons in Drosophila; instead it promotes expression of active genes by stimulating polyadenylation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The conformation of the histone H3 tail inhibits association of the BPTF PHD finger with the nucleosome

    Emma A Morrison et al.
    The BPTF PHD finger is inhibited from binding the methylated H3 tails in the context of the nucleosome due to their robust interaction with the nucleosomal DNA, which can be modulated by additional histone PTMs.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    5-hydroxymethylcytosine marks regions with reduced mutation frequency in human DNA

    Marketa Tomkova et al.
    Different types of epigenetic DNA modifications affect the likelihood of cytosine mutations in cancer.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dual histone methyl reader ZCWPW1 facilitates repair of meiotic double strand breaks in male mice

    Mohamed Mahgoub et al.
    The meiotic recombination landscape in vertebrates was re-engineered via the co-evolution of a dual histone H3K4/H3K36 methylation 'writer' PRDM9 and its 'reader' ZCWPW1 that facilitates efficient double strand break repair.
    1. Developmental Biology

    HDAC1 SUMOylation promotes Argonaute-directed transcriptional silencing in C. elegans

    Heesun Kim et al.
    HDAC SUMOylation promotes the association of other chromatin remodeling factors with the nuclear Argonaute WAGO-9, which is required for de novo heterochromatin silencing.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A map of human PRDM9 binding provides evidence for novel behaviors of PRDM9 and other zinc-finger proteins in meiosis

    Nicolas Altemose et al.
    In humans, specific sequence features can predict whether meiotic recombination occurs at sites bound by the protein PRDM9, whose DNA-binding zinc-finger domain can unexpectedly bind to gene promoters and to other copies of PRDM9.