6,454 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The export receptor Crm1 forms a dimer to promote nuclear export of HIV RNA

    David S Booth et al.
    The nuclear export receptor Crm1 cooperatively binds its HIV Rev-RRE cargo as a dimer using a species-specific interface that supports viral replication by enhancing nuclear export of HIV RNA.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    RNA-guided assembly of Rev-RRE nuclear export complexes

    Yun Bai et al.
    Tertiary folding of the Rev-response element (RRE) in HIV RNA ensures the rapid formation of the Rev-RRE viral ribonucleoprotein particle via a two-step process.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A nuclear role for the DEAD-box protein Dbp5 in tRNA export

    Azra Lari et al.
    Within the nucleus, Dbp5p supports tRNA export providing a parallel mechanism by which this conserved DEAD-box protein functions to support eukaryotic gene expression.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cytosolic Hsp70 and co-chaperones constitute a novel system for tRNA import into the nucleus

    Akira Takano et al.
    A major cytoplasmic chaperone, Ssa2p, acts as a nuclear import carrier for tRNAs upon nutrient starvation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    IRAK2 directs stimulus-dependent nuclear export of inflammatory mRNAs

    Hao Zhou et al.
    The stimulation of lipopolysaccharides induced nuclear localization of IRAK2 to facilitate nuclear export of a specific subset of inflammation-related messenger RNAs for translation in murine macrophages.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    YTHDC1 mediates nuclear export of N6-methyladenosine methylated mRNAs

    Ian A Roundtree et al.
    YTHDC1 facilitates selective clearance of N6-methyladenosine methylated mRNAs from the nucleus to the cytoplasm through binding by nuclear 'reader' proteins and incorporation into the canonical mRNA export pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    RNA-directed remodeling of the HIV-1 protein Rev orchestrates assembly of the Rev–Rev response element complex

    Bhargavi Jayaraman et al.
    A pliable hydrophobic interface in the HIV-1 Rev protein enables assembly of diverse oligomeric structures, guided by the RRE scaffold present in HIV-1 mRNAs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The translation elongation factor eEF1A1 couples transcription to translation during heat shock response

    Maria Vera et al.
    Eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1A1 controls the process of heat shock response, from transcriptional activation of the HSP70 gene, to HSP70 mRNA stabilization, nuclear export, and translation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the human core transcription-export complex reveals a hub for multivalent interactions

    Thomas Pühringer et al.
    The cryo-EM structure of the human transcription-export THO–UAP56 complex reveals mechanisms of mRNA nuclear export licensing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A RanGTP-independent mechanism allows ribosomal protein nuclear import for ribosome assembly

    Sabina Schütz et al.
    The Tsr2 carrier protein connects the nuclear import machinery with the ribosome assembly pathway.

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