5,661 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Multiscale analysis reveals that diet-dependent midgut plasticity emerges from alterations in both stem cell niche coupling and enterocyte size

    Alessandro Bonfini et al.
    The nutrient composition of food alters both the size of gut epithelial cells and the ability of the stem cell niche to control tissue turnover, resulting in changes in size at the organ level.
    1. Cell Biology

    Metformin alleviates stress-induced cellular senescence of aging human adipose stromal cells and the ensuing adipocyte dysfunction

    Laura Le Pelletier et al.
    Aging is associated with stress-induced senescence of adipose stromal cells, leading to impaired adipogenesis, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and insulin resistance, all being alleviated by metformin treatment of adipose stromal cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    The structure of behavioral variation within a genotype

    Zachary Werkhoven et al.
    Multidimensional analysis of data from high-throughput behavioral assays reveals many independent axes of behavioral variation among inbred animals reared in the same environment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Myogenin controls via AKAP6 non-centrosomal microtubule-organizing center formation at the nuclear envelope

    Robert Becker et al.
    Myogenin promotes centrosome attenuation and establishes the nuclear envelope as the dominant microtubule organization center via the scaffold protein AKAP6, which is required for the recruitment of centrosomal proteins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of mycobacterial CIII2CIV2 respiratory supercomplex bound to the tuberculosis drug candidate telacebec (Q203)

    David J Yanofsky et al.
    The structure of the Mycobacterium smegmatis CIII2CIV2 respiratory supercomplex with telacebec (Q203) bound shows how this tuberculosis drug candidate blocks respiration in mycobacteria.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Combination of inflammatory and vascular markers in the febrile phase of dengue is associated with more severe outcomes

    Nguyen Lam Vuong et al.
    Relationships of biomarkers with clinical outcome differed between children and adults and the best combinations associated with moderate/severe dengue comprised of six/seven vascular and immune biomarkers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic dichotomy of accumbal population activity underlies cocaine sensitization

    Ruud van Zessen et al.
    Cocaine elicits opposing activity changes in D1R vs D2R spiny projection neurons of the nucleus accumbens with much variability, subsequent recruitment of a subset of D1R neurons drives behavioral sensitization.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Parallel evolution between genomic segments of seasonal human influenza viruses reveals RNA-RNA relationships

    Jennifer E Jones et al.
    Phylogenetic relationships between viral RNA segments are distinct between subtypes and lineages of seasonal human influenza A viruses and implicate RNA-RNA relationships as novel drivers of influenza virus evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early life experience sets hard limits on motor learning as evidenced from artificial arm use

    Roni O Maimon-Mor et al.
    Biological- or artificial-arm experience during early development has a significant effect on artificial-arm motor control in adulthood, providing evidence for limited sensorimotor plasticity beyond childhood.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The cooperative binding of TDP-43 to GU-rich RNA repeats antagonizes TDP-43 aggregation

    Juan Carlos Rengifo-Gonzalez et al.
    The RNA-mediated higher order assembly of TDP-43, a protein associated with neurodegenerative diseases, preserves its solubility by reducing the risk of multivalent interactions between low complexity domains.

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