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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct stages of the translation elongation cycle revealed by sequencing ribosome-protected mRNA fragments

    Liana F Lareau et al.
    The size of the mRNA fragment protected by a ribosome depends on the ribosome's conformation, which enables studies of the distinct steps of decoding and translocation at single-codon resolution.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cretaceous dinosaur bone contains recent organic material and provides an environment conducive to microbial communities

    Evan T Saitta et al.
    Subterranean fossil bone hosts a living microbiome different from the surrounding sediment without evidence of original protein preservation.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Activation of a neural stem cell transcriptional program in parenchymal astrocytes

    Jens P Magnusson et al.
    Parenchymal astrocytes are quiescent neural stem cells whose neurogenic potential can be unleashed by targeted manipulations guided by single-cell RNA sequencing data.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single-parasite transcriptional atlas of Toxoplasma Gondii reveals novel control of antigen expression

    Yuan Xue et al.
    Single-cell RNA-sequencing resolves the transcriptional landscape of asexual development in Toxoplasma gondii, revealing concerted genetic programs to Plasmodiumfalciparum and a novel transcriptional factor that controls antigen switching.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Single nuclei RNA-seq of mouse placental labyrinth development

    Bryan Marsh, Robert Blelloch
    A time-course of single nuclei RNA-seq of the mouse placenta identifies trophoblast subtypes and the genes, signaling events, and transcriptional networks important for their differentiation, maintenance, and function.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Widespread premature transcription termination of Arabidopsis thaliana NLR genes by the spen protein FPA

    Matthew T Parker et al.
    The expression of Arabidopsis NLR immune response genes is modulated by premature transcription termination, and this has implications for understanding NLR regulation and evolutionary dynamics.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Single-cell RNA-sequencing reveals distinct patterns of cell state heterogeneity in mouse models of breast cancer

    Syn Kok Yeo et al.
    The unraveling of distinct mammary tumor hierarchies in various mouse models of breast cancer emphasizes the need to account for specific cell states with potentially varying therapeutic vulnerabilities in tumors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Single-cell RNA-seq analysis reveals penaeid shrimp hemocyte subpopulations and cell differentiation process

    Keiichiro Koiwai et al.
    Single-cell mRNA sequencing on hemocytes of penaeid shrimp revealed six types of hemocytes, type markers, differentiation pathways, and different immune roles among these subpopulations based on their transcriptional profiles.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Coverage-dependent bias creates the appearance of binary splicing in single cells

    Carlos F Buen Abad Najar et al.
    Sequencing and counting RNAs from single cells can create a misleading picture of alternative splicing if too many mRNAs are lost in the process.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Testis single-cell RNA-seq reveals the dynamics of de novo gene transcription and germline mutational bias in Drosophila

    Evan Witt et al.
    Single-cell RNA-sequencing and germline substitutions provide novel insights into how testis is a hotspot for evolutionary innovation of genes, expression, and mutation at the single-cell level.