2,068 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Compartmentalized oskar degradation in the germ plasm safeguards germline development

    Catherine E Eichler et al.
    RNP granules confer temporal and spatial regulation of oskar mRNA degradation to minimize inheritance of oskar mRNAby germ cells and thereby protect germline development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Robust perisomatic GABAergic self-innervation inhibits basket cells in the human and mouse supragranular neocortex

    Viktor Szegedi et al.
    Abundant self-inhibitory synapses in the layer 2/3 of human neocortex strongly regulate the function of basket cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell-type-specific regulation of neuronal intrinsic excitability by macroautophagy

    Ori J Lieberman et al.
    In addition to its classic role in synaptic function and plasticity, macroautophagy regulates neuronal intrinsic excitability via degradation of acetylated Kir2 channels to control neurotransmission.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Homeostatic control of cell wall hydrolysis by the WalRK two-component signaling pathway in Bacillus subtilis

    Genevieve S Dobihal et al.
    Molecular genetic analyses define the first homeostatic control pathway that maintains cell wall remodeling activity during bacterial growth.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Ankyrin-G mediates targeting of both Na+ and KATP channels to the rat cardiac intercalated disc

    Hua-Qian Yang et al.
    The functional interaction of Na+ and KATP channels at the intercalated disk of cardiomyocytes depends on Ankyrin G and is clinically relevant since KATP channel mutations affect Na+ channel expression.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    PCK1 and DHODH drive colorectal cancer liver metastatic colonization and hypoxic growth by promoting nucleotide synthesis

    Norihiro Yamaguchi et al.
    The gluconeogenic enzyme PCK1 and pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthetic enzyme DHODH drive hypoxic pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis and liver metastatic colonization in colorectal cancer, which is therapeutically exploitable by DHODH pharmacologic inhibition.
    1. Cell Biology

    Magnetic resonance measurements of cellular and sub-cellular membrane structures in live and fixed neural tissue

    Nathan H Williamson et al.
    Low-field single-sided magnetic resonance diffusion methods detect and measure permeability of sub-micron compartments which likely include cell processes, organelles, and cellular vesicles within ex vivo mouse spinal cords.
    1. Neuroscience

    Area 2 of primary somatosensory cortex encodes kinematics of the whole arm

    Raeed H Chowdhury et al.
    Area 2 of somatosensory cortex represents kinematic details of the entire arm during movement, but this mapping from limb state to neural activity differs for reaching and passive limb displacement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Relaxation of synaptic inhibitory events as a compensatory mechanism in fetal SOD spinal motor networks

    Pascal Branchereau et al.
    Electrophysiological and simulation approaches show that a chloride-related longer relaxation of the inhibitory synaptic events partially compensates the early defect in the chloride homeostasis detected in fetal SOD spinal motoneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Catecholaminergic modulation of meta-learning

    Jennifer L Cook et al.
    A human psychopharmacology study reveals that a drug that affects the dopamine and noradrenaline systems enhances people's ability to adapt their learning rate to suit the volatility of the environment.

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