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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A counter gradient of Activin A and follistatin instructs the timing of hair cell differentiation in the murine cochlea

    Meenakshi Prajapati-DiNubila et al.
    Opposing gradients of activin A and follistatin within the spiral shaped mammalian cochlea instruct the graded pattern of mechano-sensory hair cell formation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Live cell imaging of meiosis in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Maria A Prusicki et al.
    Live cell imaging and the in vivo dissection into distinct stages, called landmarks, represents a new methodology for analyzing meiosis in Arabidopsis and likely in other species as well.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Computational 3D histological phenotyping of whole zebrafish by X-ray histotomography

    Yifu Ding et al.
    X-ray histotomography produces the first 3-dimensional images with the combined submicron resolution, centimeter fields-of-view, soft-tissue contrast, and potential throughput to enable quantitative, histopathological and centimeter-scale phenotyping for whole-organism phenomics.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Nitric oxide radicals are emitted by wasp eggs to kill mold fungi

    Erhard Strohm et al.
    To protect their food and themselves against detrimental mould fungi, the eggs of a wasp species synthesize and emit remarkable amounts of gaseous nitrogen oxides that are highly effective antimicrobials.
    1. Cell Biology

    PDIA1/P4HB is required for efficient proinsulin maturation and ß cell health in response to diet induced obesity

    Insook Jang et al.
    The major protein disulfide isomerase family member, PDIA1, is essential in beta cells of mice fed a high-fat diet to maintain glucose homeostasis, proinsulin maturation and organelle integrity.
    1. Cell Biology

    Pericentrin-mediated SAS-6 recruitment promotes centriole assembly

    Daisuke Ito et al.
    Newly discovered interaction between fission yeast SPB and animal centriole components reveals that pericentrin not only functions as a microtubule-nucleator, but also promotes centriole assembly in animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sweet neurons inhibit texture discrimination by signaling TMC-expressing mechanosensitive neurons in Drosophila

    Shun-Fan Wu et al.
    Drosophila use distinct sensory mechanisms to detect and integrate the same tactile and taste information in two decision-making tasks that serve two different purposes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The interplay at the replisome mitigates the impact of oxidative damage on the genetic integrity of hyperthermophilic Archaea

    Tom Killelea et al.
    An investigation into 8-oxodeoxguanosine bypass by archaeal DNA polymerases.
    1. Cell Biology

    Proinsulin misfolding is an early event in the progression to type 2 diabetes

    Anoop Arunagiri et al.
    Proinsulin misfolding, an established cause of diabetes in patients with INS gene mutations, is now observed in normal human pancreatic islets, and rodents with genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ADAM17-dependent signaling is required for oncogenic human papillomavirus entry platform assembly

    Snježana Mikuličić et al.
    ADAM17 is a key player in the non-canonical endocytosis pathway that is used by oncogenic papillomaviruses as it allows virus/receptor platform assembly by activation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway.