250 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    R-spondins can potentiate WNT signaling without LGRs

    Andres M Lebensohn, Rajat Rohatgi
    R-spondins 2 and 3 can potentiate WNT signaling in the absence of LGRs through interactions with ZNRF3/RNF43 E3 ubiquitin ligases and heparan sulfate proteoglycans, defining two alternative modes of R-spondin-mediated signaling.
  1. Research: Publication bias and the canonization of false facts

    Silas Boye Nissen et al.
    Publication bias, in which positive results are preferentially reported by authors and published by journals, can restrict the visibility of evidence against false claims and allow such claims to be canonized inappropriately as facts.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Science Forum: Unit of analysis issues in laboratory-based research

    Nick R Parsons et al.
    A simulation study is used to demonstrate how mistakes in identifying the experimental unit and the unit of analysis can lead to incorrect analyses and inappropriate inferences when reporting research studies.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Point of View: Are theoretical results ‘Results’?

    Raymond E Goldstein
    There should be a prominent place for theory within biology papers, both as Results in papers that combine experiment and theory, and as Results in theory papers.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Towards a mechanistic foundation of evolutionary theory

    Michael Doebeli et al.
    A description of evolution that is based on birth-death processes, and in which fitness is at most a derived quantity, is advocated.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1 couples sister chromatid cohesion establishment to DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Wei Zhang et al.
    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1-induced H2B monoubiquitination is epigenetically important for recruiting replication factor Mcm10 and cohesion establishment factors Ctf4, Ctf18 and Eco1 to early replication origins to establish sister chromatid cohesion.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamic structure of locomotor behavior in walking fruit flies

    Alexander Y Katsov et al.
    A principled statistical segmentation of fruit fly walking leads to a compact model of immediate actions that can reproduce the unique behavioral sequences of individual flies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Network-wide reorganization of procedural memory during NREM sleep revealed by fMRI

    Shahabeddin Vahdat et al.
    Non-REM sleep is essential in the restoration of initial motor memory trace and gradual reorganization of newly-learned information underlying human procedural memory consolidation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attenuation of dopamine-modulated prefrontal value signals underlies probabilistic reward learning deficits in old age

    Lieke de Boer et al.
    Attenuated anticipatory activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex is modulated by dopamine D1 receptor density in nucleus accumbens, and accounts for impaired probabilistic reward learning in older adults.

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