356 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A PALB2-interacting domain in RNF168 couples homologous recombination to DNA break-induced chromatin ubiquitylation

    Martijn S Luijsterburg et al.
    A new mechanism is uncovered by which the RNF168 ubiquitin ligase couples PALB2-dependent homologous recombination to H2A ubiquitylation to promote DNA repair and preserve genome integrity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    PARP1-dependent recruitment of the FBXL10-RNF68-RNF2 ubiquitin ligase to sites of DNA damage controls H2A.Z loading

    Gergely Rona et al.
    Upon genotoxic stress, the FBXL10-RNF68-RNF2 ubiquitin ligase complex mono-ubiquitylates histone H2A and mediates H2A/H2A.Z exchange to repress transcription and ensures proper high fidelity homologous recombination repair.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The RNF168 paralog RNF169 defines a new class of ubiquitylated histone reader involved in the response to DNA damage

    Julianne Kitevski-LeBlanc et al.
    A structural model of the dynamic complex comprising the histone reader RNF169 bound to an ubiquitylated nucleosome core particle reveals a three-pronged binding mechanism, which provides specificity for the recognition of DNA double-strand break sites.
  1. Research: Publication bias and the canonization of false facts

    Silas Boye Nissen et al.
    Publication bias, in which positive results are preferentially reported by authors and published by journals, can restrict the visibility of evidence against false claims and allow such claims to be canonized inappropriately as facts.
    1. Neuroscience

    The perception and misperception of optical defocus, shading, and shape

    Scott WJ Mooney et al.
    The human visual system uses sharp edges to distinguish a smooth, shaded surface from a surface blurred by optical defocus.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Variable opportunities for outcrossing result in hotspots of novel genetic variation in a pathogen metapopulation

    Anna-Liisa Laine et al.
    In natural pathogen populations opportunities for sexual outcrossing vary, leading to spatial variation in genetic diversity and between-season survival.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic NMDA receptors in parvalbumin neurons enable strong and stable neuronal assemblies

    Jonathan H Cornford et al.
    NMDA receptors on PV+ interneurons mediate supralinear integration at feedback synapses from local pyramidal neurons, enabling competing networks to ‘lock’ onto salient inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    The hippocampus supports deliberation during value-based decisions

    Akram Bakkour et al.
    The deliberation involved in simple preference decisions, such as those between two familiar snacks, depends on the hippocampus.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Deep generative models for T cell receptor protein sequences

    Kristian Davidsen et al.
    Deep learning improves estimation of T cell receptor cohort frequencies and learns the rules of VDJ recombination, potentially making it helpful for vaccine design.

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