2,133 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    RNase H enables efficient repair of R-loop induced DNA damage

    Jeremy D Amon, Douglas Koshland
    In addition to causing DNA damage, R-loops cause genomic instability by interfering with DNA repair.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Chemical modulation of transcriptionally enriched signaling pathways to optimize the conversion of fibroblasts into neurons

    Joseph Herdy et al.
    An unbiased RNAseq based strategy to identify targetable pathways and a streamlined lentiviral system provide a state of the art advance on direct fibroblast to neuron conversion.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dissection of the in vitro developmental program of Hammondia hammondi reveals a link between stress sensitivity and life cycle flexibility in Toxoplasma gondii

    Sarah L Sokol et al.
    A derived stress response trait may have contributed to the emergence of a globally dominant and promiscuous parasite.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cardiac endothelial cells maintain open chromatin and expression of cardiomyocyte myofibrillar genes

    Nora Yucel et al.
    Endothelial cells in the heart have transcriptional and epigenetic signatures of cardiomyocytes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide dynamics of Pol II elongation and its interplay with promoter proximal pausing, chromatin, and exons

    Iris Jonkers et al.
    The elongation rate of RNA Polymerase II varies greatly between and along genes, as this enzyme accelerates from stable pausing to rapid elongation within genes, and is influenced by CG-content, exons and chromatin.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Control of the polyamine biosynthesis pathway by G2-quadruplexes

    Helen Louise Lightfoot et al.
    An ensemble of conserved G2-quadruplex structures in the untranslated regions of messenger RNAs from genes in the polyamine bioysynthesis pathway sense polyamine levels and regulate polyamine synthesis in cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Oomycete small RNAs bind to the plant RNA-induced silencing complex for virulence

    Florian Dunker et al.
    Small RNAs of distantly related plant pathogens, such as fungi and oomycetes, hijack the plant RNA-induced silencing complex to favor host infection.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    The transcriptomic response of cells to a drug combination is more than the sum of the responses to the monotherapies

    Jennifer EL Diaz et al.
    The transcriptomic profiles of the constituent monotherapies of synergistic drug pairs tend to be correlated and result in novel gene expression in the combinations.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    The splicing regulator PTBP2 controls a program of embryonic splicing required for neuronal maturation

    Qin Li et al.
    PTBP2 ensures that adult protein variants are expressed only in mature neurons through regulation of alternative splicing during early neuronal development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Live-cell mapping of organelle-associated RNAs via proximity biotinylation combined with protein-RNA crosslinking

    Pornchai Kaewsapsak et al.
    Live-cell nanometer-resolution RNA labeling method enables transcriptome-wide mapping of endogenous RNAs in nuclear, cytosol, ER, and mitochondrial subcompartments.

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