179 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The past, present and future of light-gated ion channels and optogenetics

    Sheena A Josselyn
    Research into light-gated ion channels called channelrhodospins laid the foundations for the development of optogenetics, a technique that has gone on to revolutionize neuroscience.
    1. Neuroscience

    ErbB4 deletion in noradrenergic neurons in the locus coeruleus induces mania-like behavior via elevated catecholamines

    Shu-Xia Cao et al.
    Behavioral and molecular mechanistic studies elaborate the important role of ErbB4 in noradrenergic neurons associated with mania pathogenesis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Changes in the genetic requirements for microbial interactions with increasing community complexity

    Manon Morin et al.
    Analysis of the global genetic requirements and gene expression changes in E. coli in the presence of a simple microbiome revealed pairwise and higher-order interactions, and underlying molecular mechanisms.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Noncoding RNA-nucleated heterochromatin spreading is intrinsically labile and requires accessory elements for epigenetic stability

    R A Greenstein et al.
    Heterochromatin spreading in fission yeast predominantly produces intergenerationally unstable outcomes, requiring an accessory element that represses histone turnover.
    1. Neuroscience

    UBE3A-mediated p18/LAMTOR1 ubiquitination and degradation regulate mTORC1 activity and synaptic plasticity

    Jiandong Sun et al.
    A new mechanism linking lysosomes to mTOR regulation and synaptic plasticity involves p18 ubiquitination by Ube3a, and underlies some of the pathology observed in Angelman syndrome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Lateral interactions between protofilaments of the bacterial tubulin homolog FtsZ are essential for cell division

    Fenghui Guan et al.
    Structural and functional approaches unambiguously revealed physiologically relevant lateral interactions between FtsZ protofilaments.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    BHLHE40, a third transcription factor required for insulin induction of SREBP-1c mRNA in rodent liver

    Jing Tian et al.
    Biochemical and genetic studies reveal a third transcription factor, BHLHE40, that together with LXR and C/EBPβ mediates insulin induction of SREBP-1c, which in turn leads to triglyceride accumulation in liver.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rem2 stabilizes intrinsic excitability and spontaneous firing in visual circuits

    Anna R Moore et al.
    In vivo and ex vivo analysis of the activity-regulated gene Rem2 in the mouse visual system sheds new light on the contribution of intrinsic excitability in circuit plasticity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based analysis of CysZ-mediated cellular uptake of sulfate

    Zahra Assur Sanghai et al.
    Structures of CysZ show a antiparallel membrane protein with an unanticipated fold and together with functional characterization provide insight into a bacterial sulfate translocating system.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Multivalency regulates activity in an intrinsically disordered transcription factor

    Sarah Clark et al.
    Binding of multiple LC8 copies to the intrinsically disordered region of the transcription factor ASCIZ exemplifies a new and potentially widespread molecular mechanism for negative feedback regulation.

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