3,304 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Antagonistic roles for Ataxin-2 structured and disordered domains in RNP condensation

    Amanjot Singh et al.
    Ataxin-2 interacts with neuronal mRNA in RNP granules.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for activation and non-canonical catalysis of the Rap GTPase activating protein domain of plexin

    Yuxiao Wang et al.
    The crystal structures of the intracellular part of the plexin receptor in the active dimer form, and its complex with a key downstream signalling protein Rap, provide insights into how plexin initiates a signalling cascade involved in axon guidance.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and mechanism of the Mrp complex, an ancient cation/proton antiporter

    Julia Steiner, Leonid Sazanov
    Structure of the Mrp antiporter, an ancestor of respiratory complex I, suggests a mechanism of coupling between cation and proton translocation, applicable to a large family of related membrane proteins.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Evolutionarily conserved regulation of immunity by the splicing factor RNP-6/PUF60

    Chun Kew et al.
    The splicing factor RNP-6/PUF60 suppresses immunity by modulating host splicing and transcriptional responses to infection.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    RNA-guided assembly of Rev-RRE nuclear export complexes

    Yun Bai et al.
    Tertiary folding of the Rev-response element (RRE) in HIV RNA ensures the rapid formation of the Rev-RRE viral ribonucleoprotein particle via a two-step process.
    1. Cell Biology

    Tyramine induces dynamic RNP granule remodeling and translation activation in the Drosophila brain

    Nadia Formicola et al.
    Tyramine-dependent signaling triggers decondensation of neuronal RNP components and rapid translation activation of target mRNAs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Promiscuous interactions and protein disaggregases determine the material state of stress-inducible RNP granules

    Sonja Kroschwald et al.
    A comparison in yeast and human cells reveals a remarkable variability in the properties of RNP granules and highlights a key role for protein disaggregation machines in regulating RNP granule assembly.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The GNU subunit of PNG kinase, the developmental regulator of mRNA translation, binds BIC-C to localize to RNP granules

    Emir E Avilés-Pagán et al.
    The Drosophila PNG kinase controls mRNA translation at the oocyte-to-embryo transition, and its GNU activating subunit is shown here to bind translational repressors and be a component of RNP granules.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Ribosome recycling is not critical for translational coupling in Escherichia coli

    Kazuki Saito et al.
    Without ribosome recycling factor, ribosomes in Escherichia coli accumulate in 3'-UTRs and queue upstream of stop codons, but no effects were observed on the translational coupling of neighboring genes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Roles of C/EBP class bZip proteins in the growth and cell competition of Rp (‘Minute’) mutants in Drosophila

    Jorge Blanco et al.
    Xrp1 contributes to cell competition as a heterodimer with the Drosophila C/EBP homolog Irbp18 and although rapidly evolving is itself conserved beyond Drosophila.

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