103 results found
    1. Medicine

    Identification of drug modifiers for RYR1-related myopathy using a multi-species discovery pipeline

    Jonathan R Volpatti et al.
    A multi-species chemical screening platform reveals a conserved role for p38 inhibition in modulating ryanodine receptor-related phenotypes and is adaptable to a range of neuromuscular disorders.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Oxidative stress induces stem cell proliferation via TRPA1/RyR-mediated Ca2+ signaling in the Drosophila midgut

    Chiwei Xu et al.
    In response to tissue damage, reactive oxygen species can be sensed by cation channels TRPA1/RyR to cause increases of cytosolic Ca2+ in intestinal stem cells, activating Ras/MAPK activity and stimulating stem cell proliferation in Drosophila.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal junctophilins recruit specific CaV and RyR isoforms to ER-PM junctions and functionally alter CaV2.1 and CaV2.2

    Stefano Perni, Kurt Beam
    Neuronal junctophilins 3 and 4 similarly recruit and functionally modify P/Q and N-type calcium channels, but differentially recruit the three ryanodine receptor isoforms to endoplasmic reticulum-plasma membrane junctions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Tyr1 phosphorylation promotes phosphorylation of Ser2 on the C-terminal domain of eukaryotic RNA polymerase II by P-TEFb

    Joshua E Mayfield et al.
    The phosphorylation of tyrosine in the heptad repeat of the C-terminal domain of the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II promotes Ser2 phosphorylation by P-TEFb for pausing release.
    1. Cell Biology

    Potassium dependent rescue of a myopathy with core-like structures in mouse

    M Gartz Hanson et al.
    A mouse model of human muscle myopathy is used to provide mechanistic insight, identify possible biomarkers of disease, and suggest possible therapeutic strategies to alleviate muscle weakness.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    FRET-based reporters for the direct visualization of abscisic acid concentration changes and distribution in Arabidopsis

    Rainer Waadt et al.
    Fluorescent sensors can track the movement and distribution of the plant hormone abscisic acid in roots and leaves in Arabidopsis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Building the vertebrate codex using the gene breaking protein trap library

    Noriko Ichino et al.
    The analysis of the first 1000 revertible protein trap alleles in zebrafish resulted in new functional genomic annotations and produced a panel of potential new models of human disease.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kv2.1 mediates spatial and functional coupling of L-type calcium channels and ryanodine receptors in mammalian neurons

    Nicholas C Vierra et al.
    A potassium channel, as a nonconducting function, organizes compartmentalized neuronal calcium signaling microdomains via structural and functional coupling of plasma membrane and endoplasmic reticulum calcium channels.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cardiac ryanodine receptor distribution is dynamic and changed by auxiliary proteins and post-translational modification

    Parisa Asghari et al.
    Repositioning the type II ryanodine receptors on the sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane is a potential new mechanism regulating their function, and therefore the strength of cardiac contraction.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ryanodine receptor dispersion disrupts Ca2+ release in failing cardiac myocytes

    Terje R Kolstad et al.
    Experimental and mathematical modeling approaches identify a novel mechanism of heart failure, linking disrupted calcium homeostasis and impaired contractility of cardiacmyocytes to nanoscale reorganization of calcium release channels.

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