579 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Inferring joint sequence-structural determinants of protein functional specificity

    Andrew F Neuwald et al.
    A statistical approach for predicting non-active site residues responsible for allostery, cooperativity, or other subtle but functionally important interactions is described and applied to various protein families.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Diversity and plasticity in Rab GTPase nucleotide release mechanism has consequences for Rab activation and inactivation

    Lars Langemeyer et al.
    Analysis of multiple guanine exchange factors shows that Rab activation can occur via a number of mechanistically distinct GDP-release pathways.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Soluble Fas ligand drives autoantibody-induced arthritis by binding to DR5/TRAIL-R2

    Dongjin Jeong et al.
    Soluble Fas ligand interacts specifically with tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily (TNFRSF)10B, also known as death receptor 5, exacerbating arthritis in a Fas-independent manner.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of synaptic specificity by immunoglobulin superfamily receptors in Drosophila

    Shouqiang Cheng et al.
    Fly protein families Dprs and DIPs can create a multitude of complementary interfaces for homo- and heterophilic adhesion complexes, resulting in instructive roles for connectivity in the motor neuron circuitry.
    1. Cell Biology

    In vivo identification of GTPase interactors by mitochondrial relocalization and proximity biotinylation

    Alison K Gillingham et al.
    Relocation of Rab, Ras and Rho family GTPases to the surface of mitochondria enables efficient identification of their effectors, exchange factors and GAPs by proximity biotinylation.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel ATP dependent dimethylsulfoniopropionate lyase in bacteria that releases dimethyl sulfide and acryloyl-CoA

    Chun-Yang Li et al.
    A novel dimethylsulfoniopropionate lyase was identified, which catalyzes dimethyl sulfide releasing by a new mechanism and is found in several bacterial lineages, revealing its important roles in global sulfur cycling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Deconstruction of the beaten Path-Sidestep interaction network provides insights into neuromuscular system development

    Hanqing Li et al.
    A network, composed of 22 relatives of the Beaten Path and Sidestep immunoglobulin superfamily cell surface proteins, also includes several neuronal Beaten Path subfamily receptors which interact selectively with Sidestep subfamily proteins expressed on peripheral tissues.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Mapping the functional versatility and fragility of Ras GTPase signaling circuits through in vitro network reconstitution

    Scott M Coyle, Wendell A Lim
    A systems level reconstitution of H-Ras GTPase signaling reveals a rich space of tunable dynamic outputs and clarifies the consequences of oncogenic perturbations to signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Insights into the key determinants of membrane protein topology enable the identification of new monotopic folds

    Sonya Entova et al.
    Key sequence motifs, defined using the first reported structure of a monotopic membrane protein with a reentrant helix, enable identification of new monotopic membrane protein families previously predicted as membrane spanning.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Prediction and characterization of enzymatic activities guided by sequence similarity and genome neighborhood networks

    Suwen Zhao et al.
    Genome neighborhood networks provide an efficient large-scale approach to mine metabolic pathway context for entire families of proteins and enzymes.

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