The Ras activator RasGRP1 that impacts Ras signals in immune cells, leukemias, and colorectal cancer, switches to an active conformation aided by a pH-sensitive histidine residue in a central location of the RasGRP1 molecule.
The proteins Heart of Glass (HEG1) and Rasip1 are both essential for cardiovascular development; and directly bind to each other to guide Rasip1 to endothelial cell junctions to support vascular integrity.
A single point mutation in a Ras activator leads to aberrant constitutive mTOR signaling in peripheral T cells that consequently accumulate as abnormal T helper cells and stimulate the production of autoantibodies by B cells.
Research into genomic imprinting has provided a foundation for the study of epigenetic mechanisms, especially during development, and has also shed light on a range of rare genetic disorders and common diseases.
Experiments in C. elegans reveal how synaptotagmin and Rab3, the 'yin and yang' of synapses, control whether transmitter vesicles remain docked at the presynaptic membrane or release their contents into the synapse.
A detailed analysis of protein abundance and phosphorylation changes across mitotic subphases and interphase in asynchronously growing human cells has been enabled by combining FACS with quantitative MS-based proteomics.