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    1. Neuroscience

    Necdin shapes serotonergic development and SERT activity modulating breathing in a mouse model for Prader-Willi syndrome

    Valéry Matarazzo et al.
    Inhibition of serotonin transporter activity, by fluoxetine treatment, in early post-natal life induces persistent apnea in wild-type mice but restores normal breathing in Necdin-KO pups that reproduce breathing abnormalities observed in Prader-Willi syndrome.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Thousands of novel translated open reading frames in humans inferred by ribosome footprint profiling

    Anil Raj et al.
    Over 7,000 novel translated sequences have been identified from human cells, including several hundred in annotated noncoding RNA, pseudogenes and de novo assembled transcripts.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Optimal searching behaviour generated intrinsically by the central pattern generator for locomotion

    David W Sims et al.
    The nervous system circuitry that controls locomotion has evolved to intrinsically generate an optimal search pattern for resources.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A plant-like mechanism coupling m6A reading to polyadenylation safeguards transcriptome integrity and developmental gene partitioning in Toxoplasma

    Dayana C Farhat et al.
    The epitranscriptomic-driven mRNA polyadenylation pathway protects transcriptome integrity by restricting transcriptional read-throughs and RNA chimera formation in apicomplexan parasites and plants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Opioids modulate an emergent rhythmogenic process to depress breathing

    Xiaolu Sun et al.
    Inspiratory rhythmogenesis is mediated by an emergent mechanism independent of bursts associated with motor output and is modulated by opioids, pointing to strategies for ameliorating opioid-induced respiratory depression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Atoh1-dependent rhombic lip neurons are required for temporal delay between independent respiratory oscillators in embryonic mice

    Srinivasan Tupal et al.
    The rhythmic patterns of activity that underlie breathing are generated and coordinated by distinct populations of neurons within the brainstem.
    1. Neuroscience

    Uncertainty leads to persistent effects on reach representations in dorsal premotor cortex

    Brian M Dekleva et al.
    When Rhesus monkeys plan reaching movements of which they are not fully confident, a particular area of the brain represents both the chosen action as well as alternate movements, perhaps as an aid for error correction or learning.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The development of active binocular vision under normal and alternate rearing conditions

    Lukas Klimmasch et al.
    A new computational model explains how alternate rearing conditions affect the development of binocular vision.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Dwarf open reading frame (DWORF) is a direct activator of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump SERCA

    M'Lynn E Fisher et al.
    Activation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump and enhancement of cellular calcium homeostasis by dwarf open reading frame reveal how this small membrane protein opposes phospholamban inhibitory function in cardiac muscle.
    1. Neuroscience

    Controlling motor neurons of every muscle for fly proboscis reaching

    Claire E McKellar et al.
    A new collection of fly strains comprehensively targets the motor neurons of the proboscis, allowing separate control of every muscle to determine how this appendage achieves flexible, directed reaching.