468 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Predicting mosquito infection from Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte density and estimating the reservoir of infection

    Thomas S Churcher et al.
    Identifying and treating those groups of individuals that are most likely to transmit the malaria parasite to mosquitoes could help to control the spread of the disease.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modelling the contribution of the hypnozoite reservoir to Plasmodium vivax transmission

    Michael T White et al.
    Mathematical models of the build-up and depletion of the hypnozoite reservoir in the liver can inform the design of treatment strategies for preventing Plasmodium vivax relapse infections.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Accelerated viral dynamics in bat cell lines, with implications for zoonotic emergence

    Cara E Brook et al.
    Bats' uniquely robust innate antiviral immune defenses select for faster transmitting viruses likely to generate extreme virulence upon spillover to secondary hosts with immune systems divergent from those of bat.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Predictors of SIV recrudescence following antiretroviral treatment interruption

    Mykola Pinkevych et al.
    The frequency of SIV reactivation from latency after treatment interruption is not directly related to measures of SIV DNA, RNA, immune activation or immune response in peripheral blood.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping the zoonotic niche of Ebola virus disease in Africa

    David M Pigott et al.
    Understanding where future Ebola virus outbreaks may start and the changing nature of the populations living in these places is of critical importance in helping to prepare for future outbreaks.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct chromatin functional states correlate with HIV latency reactivation in infected primary CD4+ T cells

    Emilie Battivelli et al.
    Analysis of HIV integration sites from induced and non-induced latently infected populations reveals the role of genomic localization and chromatin context in the fate of HIV-1 infection and the reversal of viral latency.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The complex relationship of exposure to new Plasmodium infections and incidence of clinical malaria in Papua New Guinea

    Natalie E Hofmann et al.
    Under sustained malaria control in PNG, the incidence of distinct blood-stage infections quantifies heterogeneity in transmission, significantly predicting risk of both P. falciparum and P. vivax malaria episodes at a population and individual scale.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single mutation in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus discovered in ticks impairs infectivity in human cells

    Brian L Hua et al.
    Tick-derived sequence variation in the fusion glycoprotein of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) drastically impairs infection of mammalian cells, suggesting that certain CCHFV strains undergo purifying selection in mammalian hosts.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Combining genomics and epidemiology to analyse bi-directional transmission of Mycobacterium bovis in a multi-host system

    Joseph Crispell et al.
    Analyses combining genomic and epidemiological data of Mycobacterium bovis, which causes bovine tuberculosis, revealed evidence of transmission within and between cattle and badger populations.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of a decade of successful antiretroviral therapy initiated at HIV-1 seroconversion on blood and rectal reservoirs

    Eva Malatinkova et al.
    An early start to long-term antiretroviral therapy limits the size of the HIV-1 reservoir more effectively than treatment that starts later.

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