399 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health
    3. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    4. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolutionary Medicine: A Special Issue

    Edited by George H Perry et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the growing and increasingly interdisciplinary field of evolutionary medicine.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Neutrophil infiltration regulates clock-gene expression to organize daily hepatic metabolism

    María Crespo et al.
    Circadian neutrophil infiltration in the liver modulates liver clock-gene expression and daily hepatic metabolism through the secretion of elastase and activation of JNK-FGF21-Bmal1 axis in the hepatocyte.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The effect of hybridization on transposable element accumulation in an undomesticated fungal species

    Mathieu Hénault et al.
    Transposable elements are not reactivated in natural hybrids of the yeast Saccharomyces paradoxus, but their accumulation is genotype-specific and is not predicted by the evolutionary divergence between a hybrid's parents.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The allosteric modulation of complement C5 by knob domain peptides

    Alex Macpherson et al.
    Structural and functional analysis of a new class of low-molecular-weight antibody fragments, derived from bovine immunoglobulins, reveals their therapeutic potential against C5, a target for refractory inflammatory diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    All-trans retinoic acid induces synaptic plasticity in human cortical neurons

    Maximilian Lenz et al.
    The vitamin A derivative, all-trans retinoic acid, induces protein-synthesis-dependent synaptic plasticity in the human brain.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Association of Toll-like receptor 7 variants with life-threatening COVID-19 disease in males: findings from a nested case-control study

    Chiara Fallerini et al.
    In the context of susceptibility to severe COVID-19, the observations of a study provide the basis for a personalized interferon-based therapy in patients with rare TLR7 variants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) regulates the circadian clock

    Andrea Brenna et al.
    Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 regulates the circadian clock involving phosphorylation of the PER2 protein.
    1. Neuroscience

    Regional complexity in enteric neuron wiring reflects diversity of motility patterns in the mouse large intestine

    Zhiling Li et al.
    Calcium response profiling of large populations of enteric neurons reveals hard-wired neural circuits that reflect the motility program portfolio of the intestinal region they occupy.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial biogenesis is transcriptionally repressed in lysosomal lipid storage diseases

    King Faisal Yambire et al.
    Transcription factors KLF2 and ETV1 repress the transcriptional program of mitochondrial biogenesis, resulting in impaired mitochondrial function in lysosomal storage diseases.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic predisposition to uterine leiomyoma is determined by loci for genitourinary development and genome stability

    Niko Välimäki et al.
    Genetic predisposition to uterine leiomyomas arises from variation at loci for genetic stability and genitourinary development, and in part explains the frequent occurrence of the condition in women with African origin.

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