203 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary conflicts and adverse effects of antiviral factors

    Daniel Sauter, Frank Kirchhoff
    Innate antiviral factors do not always perfectly distinguish between self and foreign, and potential adverse effects of antiviral defense mechanisms for the host have been discussed.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-fidelity musculoskeletal modeling reveals that motor planning variability contributes to the speed-accuracy tradeoff

    Mazen Al Borno et al.
    The speed-accuracy tradeoff could be a consequence of motor planning variability and not exclusively signal-dependent noise, as is currently held.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal timescales are functionally dynamic and shaped by cortical microarchitecture

    Richard Gao et al.
    Invasive electrophysiological recording measures neuronal transmembrane current timescales across human cortex, which lengthens from sensory to association regions, follows variations in ion channel expressions, and alters with behavior and aging.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reconstruction of natural images from responses of primate retinal ganglion cells

    Nora Brackbill et al.
    The visual message conveyed by retinal neurons to the brain when signaling natural scenes resembles the individual receptive fields only when viewed in context of the neuronal population.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chimpanzee brain morphometry utilizing standardized MRI preprocessing and macroanatomical annotations

    Sam Vickery et al.
    Openly available structural imaging processing pipeline for chimpanzees including registration templates and macro-anatomical parcellation shows human-like cerebral aging and medial hemispheric organization.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Osmolarity-independent electrical cues guide rapid response to injury in zebrafish epidermis

    Andrew S Kennard, Julie A Theriot
    Skin cells in zebrafish use sodium chloride-dependent electrical gradients to sense tissue injury and guide migration in the appropriate direction to close the wound.
    1. Neuroscience

    Curvature domains in V4 of macaque monkey

    Jia Ming Hu et al.
    There is a systematic functional organization for curvature representation in area V4 where specific curvatures are encoded by unique values (modules) from the set of systematically represented values.
    1. Neuroscience

    Curvature-processing domains in primate V4

    Rendong Tang et al.
    Curvature-preferring neurons in monkey V4 cluster into 0.5-mm patches, which highlights the importance of curvature detection in visual object recognition and the key functional role of V4 in this process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reinforcement regulates timing variability in thalamus

    Jing Wang et al.
    When behavioral outcomes are unfavorable, the brain searches for better outcomes by deliberately increasing its internal variability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frontal eye field and caudate neurons make different contributions to reward-biased perceptual decisions

    Yunshu Fan et al.
    In monkeys making decisions that balance noisy evidence and reward expectation, frontal cortical and caudate activity reflect different computational components that are related to the monkeys' strategy.

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