840 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A Brownian ratchet model for DNA loop extrusion by the cohesin complex

    Torahiko L Higashi et al.
    A structure-based model of the chromosomal cohesin complex, accompanied by molecular-mechanistic simulations, explains cohesin's key role in topologically entrapping DNA, as well as its ability to alternatively extrude DNA loops.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into hormone recognition by the human glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor

    Fenghui Zhao et al.
    The structure provides key insights into hormone recognition and activation of the glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The neuronal calcium sensor Synaptotagmin-1 and SNARE proteins cooperate to dilate fusion pores

    Zhenyong Wu et al.
    During neurotransmitter release, calcium-induced membrane insertion of the C2B domain of Synaptotagmin re-orients the bound SNARE complex which dilates the fusion pore in a mechanical lever action.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortico-autonomic local arousals and heightened somatosensory arousability during NREMS of mice in neuropathic pain

    Romain Cardis et al.
    Neuropathic pain preserves mouse sleep in architecture and characteristic spectral bands but perturbs arousability in ways reminiscent of insomnia disorders, in which hyperarousal and hyperalertness to environmental stimuli are prevalent.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Targeting an anchored phosphatase-deacetylase unit restores renal ciliary homeostasis

    Janani Gopalan et al.
    An anchored phosphatase-deacetylase complex participates in primary cilia development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Cortex cis-regulatory switches establish scale colour identity and pattern diversity in Heliconius

    Luca Livraghi et al.
    The evolution of a butterfly mimetic phenotype is driven by modular cis-regulstory switches controlling a ‘hotspot’ gene.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Action potential-coupled Rho GTPase signaling drives presynaptic plasticity

    Shataakshi Dube O'Neil et al.
    Proteomic and genetic analysis discovers a new cytoskeletal mechanism of presynaptic short-term plasticity common across neuronal cell types.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Single-cell RNA-seq analysis reveals penaeid shrimp hemocyte subpopulations and cell differentiation process

    Keiichiro Koiwai et al.
    Single-cell mRNA sequencing on hemocytes of penaeid shrimp revealed six types of hemocytes, type markers, differentiation pathways, and different immune roles among these subpopulations based on their transcriptional profiles.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A chimeric nuclease substitutes a phage CRISPR-Cas system to provide sequence-specific immunity against subviral parasites

    Zachary K Barth et al.
    Horizontal transfer of a sequence-specific DNA-binding domain allows a virus to destroy its subviral parasite and overcome parasite-mediated restriction.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Connectional asymmetry of the inferior parietal lobule shapes hemispheric specialization in humans, chimpanzees, and rhesus macaques

    Luqi Cheng et al.
    Humans showed the most widespread asymmetric connectivity between the inferior parietal lobule subregions and the rest of the brain compared to macaques and chimpanzees, which shapes hemispheric specialization in primates.

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