1,050 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Monocyte-derived transcriptome signature indicates antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis as a potential mechanism of vaccine-induced protection against HIV-1

    Shida Shangguan et al.
    Using single-cell CITE-seq to implicate monocytes as the cellular origin of a protective HIV vaccine gene signature.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The transcription factor Xrp1 is required for PERK-mediated antioxidant gene induction in Drosophila

    Brian Brown et al.
    The transcription factor Xrp1 mediates a previously unrecognized branch of stress-response signaling, specifically as a downstream effector of eIF2alpha kinases.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    MACF1 controls skeletal muscle function through the microtubule-dependent localization of extra-synaptic myonuclei and mitochondria biogenesis

    Alireza Ghasemizadeh et al.
    Maintenance of peripheral myonuclei patterning in skeletal myofibers is dependent on the regulation of microtubules dynamic and nuclei motion and is essential for proper neuromuscular junction integrity and mitochondria homeostasis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent modulation of synapse-regulating genes in astrocytes

    Isabella Farhy-Tselnicker et al.
    RNA sequencing and genetic mouse models reveal that transcriptional changes to astrocytes in the developing cortex are not intrinsic but influenced by their environment and determine that expression of astrocyte synapse-regulating genes and neuronal synaptogenesis is modulated by ongoing astrocyte-neuron communication.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent Golgi satellite formation in dendrites reshapes the neuronal surface glycoproteome

    Anitha P Govind et al.
    Neuronal activity triggers the dispersal of the Golgi into dendritic Golgi satellites, leading to reshaping of the neuronal surface glycoproteome through processing of glycans to mature, sialic acid-containing forms.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Variation in human herpesvirus 6B telomeric integration, excision, and transmission between tissues and individuals

    Michael L Wood et al.
    Human herpesvirus 6B can transition between telomere-integrated and free viral forms, and frequent telomere-loop-driven partial or complete viral genome excision events create mosaicism in germline carriers of inherited chromosomally integrated HHV-6B.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Information content differentiates enhancers from silencers in mouse photoreceptors

    Ryan Z Friedman et al.
    Silencers and enhancers targeted by a common transcription factor in photoreceptors are distinguished by the number and diversity of binding transcription factor binding sites they contain.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Condensation tendency and planar isotropic actin gradient induce radial alignment in confined monolayers

    Tianfa Xie et al.
    Radial alignment in confined cell monolayers with isotropic actin network is found to be mediated by the condensation tendency and tissue-scale actin gradient.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into the activation of human calcium-sensing receptor

    Xiaochen Chen et al.
    The cryo-electron microscopy structures of inactive and active states of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) reveal the activation mechanisms of CaSR.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based combination antiretroviral therapy is associated with lower cell-associated HIV RNA and DNA levels compared to protease inhibitor-based therapy

    Alexander O Pasternak et al.
    In two independent cohorts, NNRTI-based cART regimens are associated with significantly lower cell-associated HIV RNA levels than PI-based regimens, suggesting more potent suppression of residual virus replication by NNRTI-based regimens.

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