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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Regulatory roles of Escherichia coli 5' UTR and ORF-internal RNAs detected by 3' end mapping

    Philip P Adams et al.
    Multiple RNA-seq approaches globally mapped RNA 3´ ends resulting in the discovery of numerous and diverse RNA regulators.
    1. Medicine

    Anti-fibrotic activity of a rho-kinase inhibitor restores outflow function and intraocular pressure homeostasis

    Guorong Li et al.
    An FDA-approved, rho-associated kinase inhibitor reverses fibrosis in the conventional outflow pathway of a mouse model of glaucoma and reverses ocular hypertension in patients with steroid glaucoma.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The final step of 40S ribosomal subunit maturation is controlled by a dual key lock

    Laura Plassart et al.
    Cryo-EM and functional studies reveal how combined action of proteins RPS26/eS26 and RIO1 allows late precursors to the human small ribosomal particle to be matured into fully translation-competent 40S subunits.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cell Signaling: Uncovering the secret life of Rho GTPases

    Jenna A Perry, Amy Shaub Maddox
    New methods to directly visualize Rho GTPases reveal how a protein called RhoGDI regulates the activity of these 'molecular switches' at the plasma membrane.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The Rho-guanine nucleotide exchange factor PDZ-RhoGEF governs susceptibility to diet-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes

    Ying-Ju Chang et al.
    PDZ-RhoGEF controls adipose tissue abundance and whole body metabolism.
    1. Developmental Biology

    In vivo proximity labeling identifies cardiomyocyte protein networks during zebrafish heart regeneration

    Mira I Pronobis et al.
    Proximity labeling-based proteomic strategies applied in zebrafish identify new insights into protein network changes in heart muscle cells during regeneration and implicate Rho A as a target of ErbB2 signaling during zebrafish heart regeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Bridged filaments of histone-like nucleoid structuring protein pause RNA polymerase and aid termination in bacteria

    Matthew V Kotlajich et al.
    Bridged H-NS filaments inhibit transcript elongation by bacterial RNA polymerase by enhancing backtracking and increasing Rho-dependent termination at a subset of pause sites that are normally poor Rho substrates.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    How cells determine the number of polarity sites

    Jian-geng Chiou et al.
    Minimal essential features of Rho GTPase systems are elucidated that regulate the number of distinct domains developed by a cell’s polarity machinery, which in turn governs cell shape.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transcription termination and antitermination of bacterial CRISPR arrays

    Anne M Stringer et al.
    Many bacteria use the Nus factor antitermination complex to prevent premature Rho-dependent transcription termination of their CRISPR arrays.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Periodic propagating waves coordinate RhoGTPase network dynamics at the leading and trailing edges during cell migration

    Alfonso Bolado-Carrancio et al.
    Different RhoA and Rac1 dynamics at the cell front and rear are coordinated through periodic GTPase waves, which define the minimal autonomous biochemical machinery necessary and sufficient for cell migration.