130 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrating genotypes and phenotypes improves long-term forecasts of seasonal influenza A/H3N2 evolution

    John Huddleston et al.
    The combination of phenotypic measures of antigenic drift and genotypic measures of functional constraint improves the accuracy of long-term seasonal influenza A/H3N2 forecasts.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A multi-layered and dynamic apical extracellular matrix shapes the vulva lumen in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Jennifer D Cohen et al.
    Confocal imaging, electron microscopy, and genetic perturbations provide an unprecedented view of a complex and dynamic luminal matrix that determines tube shape during morphogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Serine phosphorylation regulates the P-type potassium pump KdpFABC

    Marie E Sweet et al.
    Phosphorylation of a highly conserved serine residue is a physiological response of Escerichia coli to environmental potassium levels that inhibits transport by KdpFABC to maintain cellular homeostasis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dichotomous role of the human mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+/Li+ exchanger NCLX in colorectal cancer growth and metastasis

    Trayambak Pathak et al.
    Colorectal tumors down-regulate the mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+/Li+ exchanger (NCLX) to alter mitochondrial Ca2+ signaling and initiate transcriptional and metabolic reprogramming that drives tumor chemo-resistance and metastasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activation of astrocytes in hippocampus decreases fear memory through adenosine A1 receptors

    Yulan Li et al.
    A new strategy of memory consolidation disruption based on astrocyte and purinergic signaling, which leads to persistent fear memory attenuation accompanied by reduced fear-related anxiety behavior.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Identification of specific Tie2 cleavage sites and therapeutic modulation in experimental sepsis

    Temitayo O Idowu et al.
    Matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-14 cleaves Tie2 at three distinct sites within the fibronectin type-III (FN3) domain and its pharmacological blockade inhibits Tie2 pathological shedding to exert barrier protective effects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disynaptic cerebrocerebellar pathways originating from multiple functionally distinct cortical areas

    Julia U Henschke, Janelle MP Pakan
    Anatomical projections from sensory, motor, and association cortex to the cerebellum are precisely mapped, including cortical-precerebellar connections and terminal organization, providing insight into how the cerebellum may utilize cortical information.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ribosome collisions trigger cis-acting feedback inhibition of translation initiation

    Szymon Juszkiewicz et al.
    Ribosome collisions along an mRNA are shown to recruit factors that prevent additional ribosomes from initiating translation on that mRNA, thereby providing time to resolve the collision.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Periodic propagating waves coordinate RhoGTPase network dynamics at the leading and trailing edges during cell migration

    Alfonso Bolado-Carrancio et al.
    Different RhoA and Rac1 dynamics at the cell front and rear are coordinated through periodic GTPase waves, which define the minimal autonomous biochemical machinery necessary and sufficient for cell migration.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cancer systems immunology

    Nathan E Reticker-Flynn, Edgar G Engleman
    Cancer systems immunology is a highly interdisciplinary field that is advancing our ability to understand and predict the complex behavior that orchestrates the interplay between tumors and the immune system.

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