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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Systematic screening of viral and human genetic variation identifies antiretroviral resistance and immune escape link

    Huyen Nguyen et al.
    The presence of certain HLA alleles drives the emergence or maintenance of otherwise deleterious drug-resistant mutations in patients living with HIV, even when the patient is antiretroviral treatment naïve.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mutations in SKI in Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome lead to attenuated TGF-β responses through SKI stabilization

    Ilaria Gori et al.
    The mechanism underlying Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome is solved and reveals that missense mutations in the transcriptional repressor SKI abolish ligand-induced SKI degradation, which results in attenuation of TGF-β transcriptional responses.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Reproducibility in Cancer Biology: Melanoma mystery

    Roger J Davis
    Biological variability has confounded efforts to confirm the role of PREX2 mutations in melanoma.
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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Scc2/Nipbl hops between chromosomal cohesin rings after loading

    James Rhodes et al.
    The cohesin loading factor Scc2/Nipbl interacts frequently with cohesin after the loading reaction in a manner consistent with a role in stimulating loop extrusion.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Spatiotemporal recruitment of RhoGTPase protein GRAF inhibits actomyosin ring constriction in Drosophila cellularization

    Swati Sharma, Richa Rikhy
    The RhoGTPase domain containing protein GRAF recruits to the cleavage furrow during myosin II assembly to hydrolyze Rho-GTP and restrict actomyosin contractility for regulating the time of onset of constriction during Drosophila cellularization.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane characteristics tune activities of endosomal and autophagic human VPS34 complexes

    Yohei Ohashi et al.
    The lipid kinase VPS34 complexes I and II are both activated by unsaturation of substrate and non-substrate lipids, curvature, electrostatics and polyphosphoinositides, which play roles in localisation and cellular function.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Simple biochemical features underlie transcriptional activation domain diversity and dynamic, fuzzy binding to Mediator

    Adrian L Sanborn et al.
    Transcriptional activation domains achieve rapid, dynamic, specific interaction with Mediator through binding of an unstructured peptide to multiple hydrophobic surfaces without particular amino acid side chain interactions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of death domain signaling in the p75 neurotrophin receptor

    Zhi Lin et al.
    Structures of the death domain of the p75 neurotrophin receptor in complex with downstream effectors show how competitive protein-protein interactions orchestrate the hierarchical activation of downstream pathways in non-catalytic receptors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Phylogenomics: Leaving negative ancestors behind

    Sergio A Muñoz-Gómez, Andrew J Roger
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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity

    Welkin H Pope et al.
    A continuum of genome relationships is discovered through comparative genomics of 627 sequenced mycobacteriophages isolated and characterized in an integrated research/education initiative.