1,338 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Quantitative properties of a feedback circuit predict frequency-dependent pattern separation

    Oliver Braganza et al.
    The feedback inhibitory microcircuit of the dentate gyrus likely boosts pattern separation during gamma oscillations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Specific depletion of the motor protein KIF5B leads to deficits in dendritic transport, synaptic plasticity and memory

    Junjun Zhao et al.
    Two homologous kinesin motors, KIF5A and KIF5B, have distinct functions in dendritic spine morphogenesis, and KIF5B plays a role in synaptic plasticity and memory.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A widely distributed metalloenzyme class enables gut microbial metabolism of host- and diet-derived catechols

    Vayu Maini Rekdal et al.
    A previously unrecognized group of metalloenzymes enables human gut microbes to metabolize dietary molecules and neurotransmitters and likely mediates interactions and metabolism among environmental microorganisms.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Synteny-based analyses indicate that sequence divergence is not the main source of orphan genes

    Nikolaos Vakirlis et al.
    Homology information implicit in regions of conserved synteny allows quantification of gene origination by complete sequence divergence, revealing a larger-than-expected role for other mechanisms of origin, including de novo origination.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Human Neocortical Neurosolver (HNN), a new software tool for interpreting the cellular and network origin of human MEG/EEG data

    Samuel A Neymotin et al.
    Human Neocortical Neurosolver is a new user-friendly software tool for researchers to develop and test hypotheses on cellular/circuit origins of human MEG/EEG signals using a biophysical model.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The kinesin-5 tail domain directly modulates the mechanochemical cycle of the motor domain for anti-parallel microtubule sliding

    Tatyana Bodrug et al.
    Biochemical, single molecule, cell and structural biology studies reveal an interaction between the kinesin-5 tail and motor domains regulating high-force production, which is critical for microtubule sliding motility.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Small-molecule G-quadruplex stabilizers reveal a novel pathway of autophagy regulation in neurons

    Jose F Moruno-Manchon et al.
    G-quadruplex DNA regulates autophagy in neurons.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    A gut bacterial amyloid promotes α-synuclein aggregation and motor impairment in mice

    Timothy R Sampson et al.
    Production of an amyloid protein by bacteria within the gut microbiome can influence the pathophysiology of a mouse model of synucleinopathy.

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