163 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The rise and fall of the Phytophthora infestans lineage that triggered the Irish potato famine

    Kentaro Yoshida et al.
    The strain of Phytophthora infestans that caused the Great Famine in the late 1840s was caused by a single genotype that is distinct from, but closely related to, the most prevalent modern genotype.
    1. Cell Biology

    Photoreceptor avascular privilege is shielded by soluble VEGF receptor-1

    Ling Luo et al.
    The eye produces a protein that inhibits the growth of blood vessels in the deep retina, which includes the photoreceptor layer, and disruption of this process can lead to blindness.
    1. Plant Biology

    Convergent Evolution: Shining fresh light on the evolution of photosynthesis

    Areejit Samal, Olivier C Martin
    Insight
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    1. Plant Biology

    Phenotypic landscape inference reveals multiple evolutionary paths to C4 photosynthesis

    Ben P Williams et al.
    Computational modelling indicates that C4 photosynthesis in distantly related plant species arose through a number of independent evolutionary paths.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Cytoplasmic genetic variation and extensive cytonuclear interactions influence natural variation in the metabolome

    Bindu Joseph et al.
    Genes located within cellular organelles impact phenotype more than expected due to their interactions with nuclear genes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    CO2 directly modulates connexin 26 by formation of carbamate bridges between subunits

    Louise Meigh et al.
    A CO2 receptor and a mechanism for the CO2-mediated opening of gap junction hemichannels have been identified.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fluorescent sensors for activity and regulation of the nitrate transceptor CHL1/NRT1.1 and oligopeptide transporters

    Cheng-Hsun Ho, Wolf B Frommer
    Peptide and nitrate transporters have been converted into fluorescent reporters of transport activity and have been used to measure various transport properties including the dual affinity of the nitrate transceptor
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Abscisic acid dynamics in roots detected with genetically encoded FRET sensors

    Alexander M Jones et al.
    Fluorescent sensors for the hormone abscisic acid have been developed using a high-throughput platform, and used to monitor hormone dynamics in plant roots and leaves.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    p50-associated COX-2 extragenic RNA (PACER) activates COX-2 gene expression by occluding repressive NF-κB complexes

    Michal Krawczyk, Beverly M Emerson
    A long non-coding RNA removes the transcriptional repressor p50 to regulate recruitment of co-activator p300 and RNA Polymerase II complexes to activate the COX-2 gene in human mammary epithelial cells and macrophages.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Ecology

    Systems analysis of the CO2 concentrating mechanism in cyanobacteria

    Niall M Mangan, Michael P Brenner
    Systems level modeling of cyanobacterial mechanism for concentrating carbon dioxide shows optimal organization and enzymatic activity for enhanced carbon fixation.

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