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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Structural and kinetic analysis of the COP9-Signalosome activation and the cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase deneddylation cycle

    Ruzbeh Mosadeghi et al.
    The general principles that underlie the mechanism of action of the COP9-Signalosome, a key regulator of the largest family of ubiquitin ligase enzymes in human cells, have been identified using structural and kinetic techniques.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    How IGF-1 activates its receptor

    Jennifer M Kavran et al.
    Ligand binding to the ectodomain of the insulin-like growth factor receptor destabilises an autoinhibitory inter-subunit interaction, which allows the transmembrane domains to associate and the intracellular regions to autophosphorylate.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis for substrate specificity of the Phactr1/PP1 phosphatase holoenzyme

    Roman O Fedoryshchak et al.
    Interaction of cofactor Phactr1 with PP1 creates a composite substrate-binding surface that defines the sequence specificity of the Phactr1/PP1 holoenzyme.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Convergent organization of aberrant MYB complex controls oncogenic gene expression in acute myeloid leukemia

    Sumiko Takao et al.
    Definition of leukemia gene expression mechanisms reveals general principles of cancer gene control and offers a pharmacologic strategy for its therapeutic reprogramming.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The kinesin-5 tail domain directly modulates the mechanochemical cycle of the motor domain for anti-parallel microtubule sliding

    Tatyana Bodrug et al.
    Biochemical, single molecule, cell and structural biology studies reveal an interaction between the kinesin-5 tail and motor domains regulating high-force production, which is critical for microtubule sliding motility.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Comparative genomics explains the evolutionary success of reef-forming corals

    Debashish Bhattacharya et al.
    The analysis of 20 coral genomic datasets provides unprecedented insights into what makes reef-building corals unique, including the evolution of novel gene families involved in biomineralization, signaling and stress responses that have led to their evolutionary success throughout the Phanerozoic Eon.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of substrate recognition by a polypeptide processing and secretion transporter

    Virapat Kieuvongngam et al.
    Cryo-EM structure of a peptidase-containing ABC transporter in complex with its protein substrate reveals a mechanism of coupling substrate cleavage to translocation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    FBXL19 recruits CDK-Mediator to CpG islands of developmental genes priming them for activation during lineage commitment

    Emilia Dimitrova et al.
    The ZF-CxxC protein FBXL19 recruits kinase-associated Mediator to CpG islands of silent developmental genes in embryonic stem cells, which primes these genes for activation during differentiation and is required for embryonic development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Germline VRC01 antibody recognition of a modified clade C HIV-1 envelope trimer and a glycosylated HIV-1 gp120 core

    Andrew J Borst et al.
    An integrative structural and biophysical workflow indicates engagement of VRC01 germline antibodies can occur with a gp120 426c core construct containing all wild-type N-linked glycosylation sites, including the Asn276 glycan.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Self-capping of nucleoprotein filaments protects the Newcastle disease virus genome

    Xiyong Song et al.
    Structural and functional studies reveal how Newcastle disease virus nucleocapsid protects its viral genome through a self-capping mechanism, which is important for new antiviral drug design.