4,499 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    NHR-49/PPAR-α and HLH-30/TFEB cooperate for C. elegans host defense via a flavin-containing monooxygenase

    Khursheed A Wani et al.
    Genetic and molecular characterization showed that evolutionarily conserved flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO-2) plays an important role in host defense in Caenorhabditis elegans, and its induction is dependent on conserved transcription factors, TFEB and PPAR-α.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Panton–Valentine leucocidin is the key determinant of Staphylococcus aureus pyomyositis in a bacterial GWAS

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Genome-wide association studies have established staphylococcal pyomyositis as a disease whose pathogenesis depends critically on expression of a single toxin, Panton–Valentine leukocidin.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cross-talk between individual phenol-soluble modulins in Staphylococcus aureus biofilm enables rapid and efficient amyloid formation

    Masihuz Zaman, Maria Andreasen
    Inter-molecular cross-seeding between phenol-soluble modulins facilitates rapid and efficient self-assembly in Staphylococcus aureus biofilms revealing a complex molecular interplay between distinct phenol-soluble modulins orchestrating functional amyloid formation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Viral hijacking of a replicative helicase loader and its implications for helicase loading control and phage replication

    Iris V Hood, James M Berger
    A phage-encoded protein inhibits a bacterial replicative helicase loading factor by exploiting an internal site that auto-regulates loader self-assembly and ATPase activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensitive red protein calcium indicators for imaging neural activity

    Hod Dana et al.
    Protein engineering and large-scale screening has led to the development of sensitive red fluorescent indicators that detect neural activity with high sensitivity in various animal models.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An essential Staphylococcus aureus cell division protein directly regulates FtsZ dynamics

    Prahathees J Eswara et al.
    GpsB in Staphylococcus aureus directly regulates the central cell division protein FtsZ, a different function from that assigned for GpsB in other closely related organisms.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impaired respiration elicits SrrAB-dependent programmed cell lysis and biofilm formation in Staphylococcus aureus

    Ameya A Mashruwala et al.
    The absence of oxygen prompts Staphylococcus aureus cells to rupture resulting in increased formation of biofilms, which are the etiological agents of recurrent infections.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell differentiation defines acute and chronic infection cell types in Staphylococcus aureus

    Juan-Carlos García-Betancur et al.
    During Staphylococcus aureus infections, bacterial cells bifurcate into distinct, specialized cell types that localize physically in different colonization tissues to simultaneously generate different infection types.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IL-21/type I interferon interplay regulates neutrophil-dependent innate immune responses to Staphylococcus aureus

    Rosanne Spolski et al.
    Neutrophil-dependent innate immune responses to the human pathogen, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, are modulated by an interplay between interleukin-21 and type 1 interferons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Regulatory coiled-coil domains promote head-to-head assemblies of AAA+ chaperones essential for tunable activity control

    Marta Carroni et al.
    Head-to-head interactions of regulatory coiled-coil domains control activity of the central bacterial AAA+ protein ClpC by promoting formation of a reversible resting state.

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