Browse the search results

Page 2 of 16
    1. Cell Biology

    Ragulator and GATOR1 complexes promote fission yeast growth by attenuating TOR complex 1 through Rag GTPases

    Kim Hou Chia et al.
    The Rag-family GTPases, known activators of TOR complex 1 (TORC1), also function as attenuator that prevents deregulated hyperactivation of TORC1 signaling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Nonsense mRNA suppression via nonstop decay

    Joshua A Arribere, Andrew Z Fire
    Nonstop mRNA decay degrades mRNAs with a premature stop codon after such mRNAs are targeted by the nonsense-mediated decay machinery.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The CDK-PLK1 axis targets the DNA damage checkpoint sensor protein RAD9 to promote cell proliferation and tolerance to genotoxic stress

    Takeshi Wakida et al.
    Minimizing anti-proliferation signaling from DNA damage detection machinery is the tactic for the cells to drive proliferation under genotoxic environment, and the function is exerted by Polo-Like-Kinase1 that is frequently over-expressed in cancer cells.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Membranes, energetics, and evolution across the prokaryote-eukaryote divide

    Michael Lynch, Georgi K Marinov
    The common view that the mitochondrion endowed eukaryotes with a boost in bioenergetic capacity above that in prokaryotes is inconsistent with a diversity of cellular features.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Inter-Fork Strand Annealing causes genomic deletions during the termination of DNA replication

    Carl A Morrow et al.
    The discovery of a mechanism that causes DNA deletions during non-canonical DNA replication termination is described.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    wtf genes are prolific dual poison-antidote meiotic drivers

    Nicole L Nuckolls et al.
    Selfish wtf meiotic drive genes use overlapping transcripts to encode both a trans-acting poison to kill gametes that do not inherit the gene and a gamete-autonomous antidote to specifically rescue the gametes that do.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    CDK-regulated dimerization of M18BP1 on a Mis18 hexamer is necessary for CENP-A loading

    Dongqing Pan et al.
    The stoichiometry and mechanism of interactions of the Mis18 complex with M18BP1 was analysed to unveil the molecular basis of new CENP-A deposition during the G1 phase of the cell cycle.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Promoter nucleosome dynamics regulated by signalling through the CTD code

    Philippe Materne et al.
    Phosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA Polymerase II controls nucleosomes dynamics at specific promoters to regulate transcription.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Further support for aneuploidy tolerance in wild yeast and effects of dosage compensation on gene copy-number evolution

    Audrey P Gasch et al.
    Many natural isolates of budding yeast carry extra chromosome copies and show lower-than-expected expression at a subset of amplified genes, which show unique evolutionary signatures.
    1. Cell Biology

    Probing the catalytic functions of Bub1 kinase using the small molecule inhibitors BAY-320 and BAY-524

    Anna P Baron et al.
    Chemical inhibition of Bub1 shows that the catalytic activity is not required for normal mitotic progression, but it makes chromosome segregation and cell proliferation more sensitive to the effects of the anti-cancer drug Paclitaxel.