410 results found
  1. June 2013

    Episode 1: June 2013

    In the first eLife podcast we hear about the origins of multicellularity, the Irish potato famine, hepatitis viruses, how fog affects the behaviour of car drivers, and the evolution of chromatin.
    1. Neuroscience

    A multicellular rosette-mediated collective dendrite extension

    Li Fan et al.
    Migrating skin carries the amphid rosette vertex anteriorly to extrude and position dendrites.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Fcp1 phosphatase controls Greatwall kinase to promote PP2A-B55 activation and mitotic progression

    Rosa Della Monica et al.
    The phosphatase Fcp1 inactivates Greatwall kinase at the end of mitosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Conservation of transcription factor binding specificities across 600 million years of bilateria evolution

    Kazuhiro R Nitta et al.
    Drosophila has almost all transcription factor binding specificities available to humans; and human transcription factors with divergent specificities operate in cell types that are not found in fruit flies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Shed EBA-175 mediates red blood cell clustering that enhances malaria parasite growth and enables immune evasion

    May M Paing et al.
    Plasmodium falciparum invasion protein EBA-175, once shed from the parasite surface post invasion, facilitates RBC clustering and enhances parasite growth while simultaneously enabling parasite immune evasion of host neutralizing antibodies.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    HDAC3 restrains CD8-lineage genes to maintain a bi-potential state in CD4+CD8+ thymocytes for CD4-lineage commitment

    Rachael Laura Philips et al.
    CD4 lineage commitment requires HDAC3 to prevent premature upregulation of CD8 lineage genes during T cell development.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Resistome diversity in cattle and the environment decreases during beef production

    Noelle R Noyes et al.
    Interventions in feedlots and abattoirs place selective pressure on the beef cattle resistome, which differentially impacts the public health risk of antimicrobial resistance from beef production sources.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    PHLPP1 counter-regulates STAT1-mediated inflammatory signaling

    Ksenya Cohen Katsenelson et al.
    Uncovering a mechanism for how inflammatory signaling is opposed by a phosphatase identifies a potential druggable target to treat E. coli sepsis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mushroom body output neurons encode valence and guide memory-based action selection in Drosophila

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    Output neurons in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain encode the positive or negative survival value of stimuli, enabling insects to choose adaptive approach and avoidance behaviors through associative learning.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Filovirus receptor NPC1 contributes to species-specific patterns of ebolavirus susceptibility in bats

    Melinda Ng et al.
    NPC1 is a genetic determinant of filovirus susceptibility in bats, and some variations in bat NPC1 may reflect host adaptations to reduce filovirus replication and virulence.

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