44 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    NMNAT1 inhibits axon degeneration via blockade of SARM1-mediated NAD+ depletion

    Yo Sasaki et al.
    Axonal metabolic flux analysis demonstrates that expression of NMNAT1 blocks axonal degeneration in cultured mouse neurons not by altering NAD+ synthesis, but rather by inhibiting injury-induced, SARM1-dependent NAD+ consumption.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Single-amino acid variants reveal evolutionary processes that shape the biogeography of a global SAR11 subclade

    Tom O Delmont et al.
    An in-depth metagenomic analysis of possibly the most abundant and widespread microbial lineage in the surface ocean teases apart evolutionary processes that maintain its genomic heterogeneity and biogeography.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    The plant-specific transcription factors CBP60g and SARD1 are targeted by a Verticillium secretory protein VdSCP41 to modulate immunity

    Jun Qin et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses reveal a virulence mechanism employed by V. dahliae that involves inhibition of the transcription factor activity of CBP60g and SARD1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    MAPK signaling promotes axonal degeneration by speeding the turnover of the axonal maintenance factor NMNAT2

    Lauren J Walker et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analysis reveals that MAPK signaling promotes axon degeneration by modulating the turnover of axon-protective proteins.
    1. Cell Biology

    Autophagy: COPII vesicles and the expansion of the phagophore

    Catherine Rabouille
    A new study has identified the proteins that adapt COPII vesicles to the needs of starving cells.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cell Biology: Opening up new fronts in the fight against cholesterol

    Russell A DeBose-Boyd, Jay D Horton
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    1. Cell Biology

    Sec24 phosphorylation regulates autophagosome abundance during nutrient deprivation

    Saralin Davis et al.
    Phosphorylation of a core trafficking component, the COPII coat subunit Sec24, regulates cross-talk between the secretory and autophagy machinery during starvation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An updated phylogeny of the Alphaproteobacteria reveals that the parasitic Rickettsiales and Holosporales have independent origins

    Sergio A Muñoz-Gómez et al.
    Diverse sophisticated phylogenetic analyses update the phylogeny of the Alphaproteobacteria and show that the parasitic Holosporales is a derived group within the Rhodospirillales order which comprises primarily free-living alphaproteobacteria.
    1. Cell Biology

    Splicing factors Sf3A2 and Prp31 have direct roles in mitotic chromosome segregation

    Claudia Pellacani et al.
    Extensive cytological and biochemical analyses show that the conserved Sf3A2 and Prp31 splicing factors bind microtubules and the Ndc80 complex, playing direct mitotic functions in both Drosophila and human mitosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    TANGO1 builds a machine for collagen export by recruiting and spatially organizing COPII, tethers and membranes

    Ishier Raote et al.
    TANGO1 creates a sub-compartment at the endoplasmic reticulum, to segregate and export fully assembled bulky cargoes.

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