89 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A chemical probe of CARM1 alters epigenetic plasticity against breast cancer cell invasion

    Xiao-Chuan Cai et al.
    A chemical probe was characterized for potency, selectivity, and ability to alter CARM1-dependent epigenetic plasticity against cancer cell invasion.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A nuclease- and bisulfite-based strategy captures strand-specific R-loops genome-wide

    Phillip Wulfridge, Kavitha Sarma
    BisMapR reveals strand-specific R-loops with high resolution at small-scale genomic features including bidirectionally transcribed promoters and enhancers.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Single-amino acid variants reveal evolutionary processes that shape the biogeography of a global SAR11 subclade

    Tom O Delmont et al.
    An in-depth metagenomic analysis of possibly the most abundant and widespread microbial lineage in the surface ocean teases apart evolutionary processes that maintain its genomic heterogeneity and biogeography.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for SARM1 inhibition and activation under energetic stress

    Michael Sporny et al.
    Cryo-EM shows that the NADase activity of SARM1 is allosterically inhibited by physiological concentrations of NAD+ that stabilizes an auto-inhibited conformation of SARM1, explaining how NAD+ depletion may inflict neurodegeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    NMNAT1 inhibits axon degeneration via blockade of SARM1-mediated NAD+ depletion

    Yo Sasaki et al.
    Axonal metabolic flux analysis demonstrates that expression of NMNAT1 blocks axonal degeneration in cultured mouse neurons not by altering NAD+ synthesis, but rather by inhibiting injury-induced, SARM1-dependent NAD+ consumption.
    1. Neuroscience

    SARM1 depletion rescues NMNAT1-dependent photoreceptor cell death and retinal degeneration

    Yo Sasaki et al.
    A mouse model of retinal degeneration reveals a common mechanism for axonal degeneration and photoreceptor cell death and identifies SARM1 as a therapeutic candidate for retinopathies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    The plant-specific transcription factors CBP60g and SARD1 are targeted by a Verticillium secretory protein VdSCP41 to modulate immunity

    Jun Qin et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses reveal a virulence mechanism employed by V. dahliae that involves inhibition of the transcription factor activity of CBP60g and SARD1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The structure of the COPII transport-vesicle coat assembled on membranes

    Giulia Zanetti et al.
    A structure of the complete, membrane bound, COPII coat solved by sub-tomogram averaging reveals the arrangement of all protein subunits on the membrane and suggests a mechanism for coating heterogeneously-shaped carriers.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    MAPK signaling promotes axonal degeneration by speeding the turnover of the axonal maintenance factor NMNAT2

    Lauren J Walker et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analysis reveals that MAPK signaling promotes axon degeneration by modulating the turnover of axon-protective proteins.

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